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Dans cette rubrique, je partage avec vous des enseignements pertinents sur la Sainte Doctrine pour nous aider dans notre marche avec notre Seigneur Jésus-Christ. Ceux qui ne sont pas le fruits de ma réflexion, la source sera toujours indiquée en en-tête ou en bas de page. Consommez-en sans modération !

ET LA LAÏCITÉ DANS TOUT ÇA ?

La France a longtemps été considérée comme la fille aînée de l’Église catholique romaine. Désormais, c’est un état areligieux, laïc, c’est-à-dire qu’elle n’est plus sous la domination ou l’influence du clergé. Le mot laïc vient du latin « laïcus » qui signifie « commun, ordinaire, qui est du peuple ».

LES ORIGINES DE LA LAÏCITÉ À LA FRANÇAISE

Le concept de laïcité est propre à la France et est dû à une histoire mouvementée et ambivalente entre le pouvoir politique, le trône, le roi et le pouvoir religieux, l’autel, le Pape. Il a vu le jour au sortir du siècle des Lumières et de la mise en place de la libre-pensée par des philosophes français tels que Voltaire (1694-1778) et Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) ou encore le néerlandais Spinoza (1632-1677). Précurseurs en matière de laïcité, les Français se sont révoltés et ont décapité dieu ; par dieu il faut comprendre le roi. En effet, le souverain français avait un statut privilégié : il était à la fois chef temporel et chef spirituel de son pays, le Pape n’ayant que très peu, voire pas d’autorité sur l’Église de France. C’est ce qu’on appelle le gallicanisme, concept mis en place par le roi Philippe Le Bel (1268-1314). Il étaya par des plans théologiques et juridiques que l’Église Française était libre face à la papauté et que le pouvoir royal était supérieur au pontifical. Les desseins du pape qui visait l’instauration d’une théocratie pontificale furent ainsi anéantis.

C’est sous le règne de Louis XIV (1638-1715) que ce système atteignit son apogée par la Déclaration des quatre articles en 1682  [rédigée par Bossuet (1627-1704)], considérée comme la charte du gallicanisme. Elle stipulait que le pouvoir des papes était purement spirituel et que les rois ne pouvaient donc pas leur être soumis. Par ailleurs, la puissance spirituelle du pape fut limitée par les conciles généraux, et en France, par les coutumes du royaume et de l’Église. Même si le pape avait une « part principale » dans les questions de foi, son jugement n’était « irréformable » que s’il était confirmé par l’Église.

Mais ne nous y trompons pas, la part du religieux était très importante en France et n’avait pas été écartée du pouvoir temporel puisque la religion catholique avait un monopole en la matière. L’histoire de France est jalonnée d’interdits, d’expulsions, voire de massacres à l’encontre des autres religions. Pour exemple, les juifs n’ont été déclarés citoyens français qu’en 1791 par ratification. On peut aussi citer les dragonnades, ces persécutions dirigées sous Louis XIV contre les communautés protestantes de toutes les régions de France. Le roi se servait donc du spirituel pour asseoir son pouvoir temporel. Il récompensait l’Église de France de son soutien en lui octroyant des faveurs telles que la dîme. En France, cet impôt devint une obligation religieuse puis civile sous Charlemagne (742-814). Imposé à tous les possesseurs de terres, il représentait entre le onzième et le treizième des produits de la terre et de l’élevage. Directement perçue par le curé de la paroisse, la dîme assurait la subsistance des ministres du culte, l’entretien de leurs bâtiments et l’assistance aux pauvres.

Fin tragique de Louis XVIEn décapitant le roi le 21 janvier 1793, les représentants du peuple mettaient un point final à la monarchie de droit divin et au gallicanisme. Ils imposaient par la même occasion un nouvel interlocuteur à l’Église catholique. Elle n’avait plus face à elle une famille longtemps présentée comme envoyée de Dieu et ses courtisans, mais des hommes politiques, des philosophes, des libres penseurs à la tête d’un peuple plus que démuni, souffrant de la pesanteur des taxes et surtout de la famine due à une succession de mauvaises récoltes. Au début de la Révolution, lors des premiers Etats Généraux, les révolutionnaires n’étaient pas réfractaires à la présence des religieux dans la gestion de l’État. Le schisme s’est opéré en août 1789 à l’abolition du privilège des dîmes. Le clergé fut privé de l’une de ses principales sources de revenus et ses biens furent mis à disposition de la nation pour renflouer les caisses de l’État. La séparation fut définitive en juillet 1790, suite à la réorganisation du clergé. Celui-ci conserva toutefois une certaine légitimité auprès du peuple et donc une forme de pérennité dans les rapports préétablis avec les monarques de droit divin.

Mais cette alliance à la République, pour l’autel, était vouée à l’échec et n’aurait jamais pu se faire. Pour preuve, les propos du pape Pie VI (1717-1799), au sujet de la déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen : « cette liberté absolue qui non seulement assure le droit de n’être point inquiété sur ses opinions religieuses, mais qui accorde encore cette licence de pensée, d’écrire et même de faire imprimer impunément en matière de religion tout ce qui peut suggérer l’imagination la plus déréglée : droit monstrueux, qui paraît cependant à l’assemblée résulter de l’égalité et de la liberté naturelles à tous les hommes ». Et il avait bien vu, car les principaux articles de cette déclaration sont les fondements de la laïcité.

Article I : Les hommes naissent et demeurent libres et égaux en droits. Les distinctions sociales ne peuvent être fondées que sur l’utilité commune. Article X : Nul ne doit être inquiété pour ses opinions, même religieuses, pourvu que leur manifestation ne trouble pas l’ordre public établi par la Loi. Article XI : La libre communication des pensées et des opinions est un des droits les plus précieux de l’Homme : tout Citoyen peut donc parler, écrire, imprimer librement, sauf à répondre de l’abus de cette liberté, dans les cas déterminés par la loi.

L’ÉGLISE CATHOLIQUE CONFINÉE DANS SES ÉDIFICES

 En écartant le clergé du pouvoir temporel, la République devint areligieuse, donc laïque. La laïcité n’empêche pas le peuple de croire en Dieu, mais par la neutralité de ses institutions, la République permet une certaine liberté de choix et de pratique religieuse à ses citoyens, tant que ces derniers ne vont pas à l’encontre des valeurs républicaines et ne mettent pas en péril la sécurité de la nation. Commença alors une laïcisation de l’espace public marquée par des actes forts et symboliques. Le 18 août 1884, les prières publiques à la rentrée des Chambres furent supprimées. Par la suite, le 14 décembre 1900, on promulgua la suppression de la messe du Saint-Esprit (présence obligatoire) à la rentrée des cours des tribunaux. Le 1eravril 1905, une circulaire du ministre de la Justice ordonnait l’enlèvement des crucifix dans les prétoires des tribunaux…La loi de décembre 1905 ratifiant la séparation des Églises et de l’État était celle qui devait clore définitivement le débat de la place du religieux dans l’État et inversement.

ARTICLE PREMIER. – La République assure la liberté de conscience. Elle garantit le libre exercice des cultes sous les seules restrictions édictées ci-après dans l’intérêt de l’ordre public. ART. 2.- La République ne reconnaît, ne salarie ni ne subventionne aucun culte. En conséquence, à partir du 1er janvier qui suivra la promulgation de la présente loi, seront supprimées des budgets de l’État, des départements et des communes, toutes dépenses relatives à l’exercice des cultes. Par cette loi, l’État manifeste sa volonté absolue de neutralité religieuse mais ne s’exonère pas de ses responsabilités et veut «garantir» à chacun les moyens d’exercer librement sa religion dans le respect de celles d’autrui.

Apres des débuts plus que violents, tant physiquement que moralement, à l’encontre du clergé français, la République et la religion catholique se sont au fil des années accordées, chacune ayant révisé à la baisse ses exigences vis-à-vis de l’autre. Elles se sont surtout adaptées à l’évolution des mentalités de leurs partisans. Cette union contre nature, pour Pie VI, a donné naissance à un concept politique : le socialisme-chrétien, et à une nouvelle religion : l’œcuménisme. Les deux ayant le même discours : « Unissons-nous pour le bien des peuples et donnons-lui un monde meilleur ici-bas sur terre ».

LE SOCIALISME CHRÉTIEN

La question de l’œcuménisme a été traitée à de nombreuses reprises dans Les Dokimos. Nous avons maintes fois averti quant au danger qu’il représente car c’est la religion babylonienne par excellence qui prépare les hommes à accepter les œuvres de la bête.

Les concepts du socialisme chrétien ne sont pas nouveaux. Ils sont apparus entre la révolution Française et la révolution industrielle dans les années 1820-1830. Ils visent à promouvoir une politique sociale conformément aux enseignements de l’Église, voire même à bâtir une nouvelle société humaniste à base chrétienne, en opposition au libéralisme économique et politique.

En France, suite au conflit entre l’Eglise catholique et la jeune République, ces concepts ne furent pas bien vus par la nouvelle garde politicienne socialiste. Jean Jaurès (1859-1914) s’insurgea en 1894 lors d’une intervention à la chambre des députés, s’adressant ainsi à Albert de Mun (1841-1914), l’une des figures emblématiques de ce mouvement : « vous avez essayé d’emprunter au socialisme tout ce que vous pouviez lui emprunter pour restaurer dans ce pays-ci l’influence du christianisme constitué à l’état d’Église ». Peu à peu, ces mouvements se sont fondus dans la grande famille du socialisme. C’est à eux que nous devons certaines institutions de la République telles que la CIMADE, le Planning Familial ou encore le syndicat CFDT (Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail).

Gauche comme droite, chacune de ces voix politiques a pour base des principes et des concepts bibliques. C’est ce que l’on appelle communément les racines judéo-chrétiennes de la France mais aussi de l’Europe. Rajoutons à cela l’humanisme, la libre pensée, et nous obtenons une situation de crise identitaire. En effet, d’un côté il est demandé à l’homme de respecter des règles édictées par Dieu, et de l’autre côté on le persuade qu’il est au centre de l’univers. D’un côté les lois de Dieu sont gravées dans le cœur de l’homme et de l’autre, on lui demande de s’émanciper et de réfuter ces lois. Difficile de raisonner convenablement avec de tels paradoxes.  C’est ainsi qu’après des années de schizophrénie, la France se réveille violement et se rend compte que le modèle d’exemplarité qu’elle voulait donner au monde en terme de laïcité, de droits de l’homme ou encore de terre d’asile, ne fonctionne pas.

LA LAÏCITÉ MISE A MAL AU PROFIT DE LA PAIX SOCIALE

Hélas, de la laïcité il n’en reste qu’un vague souvenir puisqu’elle s’est muée en une sorte d’hypocrisie nationale. D’une loi  stricte, édictant les principes de la séparation des églises et de l’Etat, permettant ainsi à la République d’être neutre et aux croyants de pratiquer leur religion en toute liberté (dans la mesure où cela n’entrave pas la  sécurité publique), elle  est devenue une sorte de consensus général, où il faut ménager la chèvre et le chou. Cela consiste à adapter la loi en fonction des situations rencontrées afin que les différentes religions ne se sentent pas stigmatisées et ainsi obtenir une paix sociale. C’est ce que préconisaient les membres de la commission STASI dans leur rapport, des « accommodements raisonnables », c’est-à-dire des réponses pouvant être données aux situations qui sortent du champ de la loi de 1905. Mais une fois que le doigt est mis dans l’engrenage, il est impossible de ne pas être emporté par la mécanique.  Prenons l’exemple des signes religieux. En principe, ils devraient être interdits dans les écoles mais dans les faits, ils sont souvent tolérés. Conséquence : les religions ont réinvesti ce lieu de l’institution républicaine si difficilement conquis. L’école qui devait être un lieu exempt de toute influence religieuse et politique est désormais le théâtre de luttes inter-religieuses. Ainsi, les cours de récréation se sont transformées en terrains d’affrontement entre groupes de religions différentes. Le problème est tel que certains professeurs craignent même d’aborder des sujets comme la géopolitique au Moyen Orient ou encore la shoah de peur de devoir affronter l’obscurantisme religieux ou politique de certains élèves. Ce laisser-aller général a même encouragé certains encadrants périscolaires à faire du prosélytisme violent auprès de jeunes enfants.laicite-inch-allah

Nos gouvernants défenseurs de la laïcité n’ont-ils pas les moyens d’appliquer les valeurs qu’ils plébiscitent ?

Bien sûr que si, mais ils ne veulent pas passer pour des non démocrates. De plus, l’application des lois sur la laïcité se heurte au mélange des concepts humanistes et sociaux-chrétiens mais aussi à la chasse aux voix lors des élections locales et nationales. La laïcité et la loi de 1905 ont été mises en place pour ne plus revivre sous le poids pesant de la religion tant au niveau dogmatique qu’économique. Mais force est de constater que les représentants politiques les réintroduisent peu à peu en se refusant de réprimer trop sévèrement les faits religieux, en dehors du cadre légal, afin d’obtenir un semblant de paix sociale et surtout une réélection.

LA LAÏCITÉ EMPÊCHE-T-ELLE DE CONNAÎTRE DIEU ?

Remarquez que tout au long de l’article il n’a été fait mention que de religion et non de Dieu. Les lois sur la laïcité ont été mises en place non pour chasser Dieu du territoire français mais pour empêcher les religieux, principalement catholiques, d’avoir une trop grande emprise sur la gestion politique et financière du pays. Ces lois dures et restrictives à l’encontre des hommes d’église ont donné au peuple la possibilité de ne plus appartenir à l’église catholique, le catholicisme n’étant plus la religion de l’État. Amusez-vous à imaginer la situation de la France si l’Église Catholique avait toujours les pouvoirs absolus. Serions-nous différents des États islamistes ? Cependant il y a eu un effet pervers : celui de confiner la foi dans la sphère du privé. Ainsi, témoigner de sa foi en Christ est devenu tabou car la majorité des Français fait un amalgame entre la foi en Christ et l’appartenance à une religion.

 La Bible est remplie de témoignages d’hommes et de femmes vivant dans des nations païennes et qui ont pourtant connu Dieu (Abraham, Moïse, Ruth…). Prenons aussi le cas de Josias, fils d’Amon et descendant du roi David, qui était monté sur le trône pendant une période de grande apostasie. En effet, le peuple élu de Dieu en était arrivé à prier le dieu des fientes. Il pouvait invoquer Baal, puis se présenter au temple de Jérusalem pour offrir un holocauste à l’Eternel (Jérémie 7 : 9-10).  L’immoralité était devenue normalité. Comme il est relaté dans les livres de 2 Rois chapitres 22 à 24 et 2 Chroniques chapitres 34 à 36, Josias accéda au trône de Juda à l’âge de huit ans. Il se mit à chercher Dieu à seize ans. À vingt ans, il commença à débarrasser Juda et Jérusalem des idoles, de leurs grands prêtres et autres prostituées sacrées. Mais ce n’est que dix-huit ans plus tard qu’on lui lut le livre de la loi de Dieu, lorsque ce dernier fut retrouvé par le sacrificateur Hilkija, père du prophète Jérémie. À la lecture des lois de Dieu, Josias ne put s’empêcher de déchirer ses vêtements : « la colère de l’Eternel est grande ; et elle a fondu sur nous parce que nos pères n’ont point gardé la parole de l’Eternel, pour faire selon tout ce qui est dans ce livre. » (2 Chroniques 34: 21). Suite à cela, Josias ramena le peuple à l’adoration du vrai Dieu (2 Chroniques 34: 33). Ce qui est remarquable dans ce récit, c’est que Josias a connu Dieu avant d’avoir eu une pleine connaissance de ses lois. Il n’a pas attendu la lecture des rouleaux pour savoir ce qu’il avait à faire. Au temps de Josias, il y a eu bien plus que de la laïcité, et cela ne l’a pas empêché de connaître Dieu. Dire que la loi de 1905 et celles qui ont suivi empêchent de connaître Dieu est une grossière erreur, voire un blasphème. Cela revient à dire que l’Esprit de Dieu ne peut rien faire face à une loi d’homme et qu’il suffit d’une loi humaine pour l’empêcher de toucher les cœurs. Que dire dans ce cas des pays où la charia est en vigueur ? Il n’y aura donc jamais de disciples de Christ ?

Ne permettons plus à nos compatriotes de faire un amalgame entre foi et religion. Montrons-leur par nos vies sanctifiées et par la démonstration de la puissance de Dieu que Jésus-Christ est vivant et qu’il n’est pas confiné dans une religion : catholicisme, protestantisme ou tout autre mouvement finissant par « isme ». Et face à la montée conjointe de l’islamisme et de  l’immoralité dans les nations, soyons dans la joie car ces instruments de persécution pousseront l’Eglise de Christ à se réveiller et à soupirer après son retour.

Estelle.

La reproduction de nos articles est autorisée si elle est intégrale et la source citée.

Et la laïcité dans tout ça ?

Publicités

LE SAVIEZ- VOUS ? Les origines de Halloween, la Toussaint et la fête des défunts

Récemment importée des Etats-Unis, la fête de Halloween célébrée le 31 Octobre, connaît un succès croissant en raison de son caractère festif  et des bénéfices commerciaux qu’elle engendre.
Le 1er et le 2 Novembre sont des jours consacrés à des cérémonies religieuses dites chrétiennes qui, tout comme Halloween, sont censées honorer les morts.  Beaucoup de personnes participent à ces commémorations tout en ignorant leur  signification profonde. Le temps est venu de lever le voile sur les origines de ces festivités.

Halloween

Halloween est une contraction de l’expression «All Hallows’Eve» qui veut dire «veille de la Toussaint».

Importée aux Etats-Unis au milieu du XIX ème siècle par les immigrés Ecossais, Gallois et Irlandais, cette fête à pour origine la  fête païenne celtique du «Samain».
Le Samain marquait le début de l’année celtique fixée au 31 Octobre et le commencement de la période hivernale. Durant cette période associée aux ténèbres et à l’inactivité, les paysans celtes craignaient que le Soleil, le dieu «Been», (qui n’est pas sans nous rappeler le dieu Baal mentionné dans la Bible) ne revienne pas. Aussi, les druides allumaient «un feu sacré» qui était censé chasser les mauvais esprits et convaincre Been de revenir pour veiller sur les récoltes. Il semblerait que ces mêmes druides, se déplaçaient de maison en maison pour réclamer des offrandes pour leur dieu et allaient parfois jusqu’à exiger un sacrifice humain. En cas de refus, ils proféraient des malédictions de mort d’où l’expression «trick or treat» qui veut dire «une offrande sinon la malédiction». Pour éclairer leur chemin, ces prêtres portaient des navets (remplacés plus tard aux Etats-Unis par des citrouilles) évidés et découpés en forme de visage dans lesquels ils y plaçaient une bougie censée représenter l’esprit qui allait exécuter les malédictions proférées. La nuit du Samain était aussi une nuit où une porte s’ouvrait entre le monde des humains et celui des dieux et entre le monde des vivants et celui des morts. Les Celtes croyaient que l’esprit des trépassés pouvait revenir vers leurs demeures terrestres, aussi les familles leur préparaient une place à table ou près du feu. Cependant on craignait que les âmes damnées ou les esprits libérés du purgatoire viennent hanter les foyers.
Aussi, pour se protéger d’un éventuel malheur, on portait  des masques ou des déguisements pour effrayer les esprits ou au contraire les apaiser en leur ressemblant.

La Toussaint

Tout comme Haloween, la fête de la Toussaint ne trouve aucun fondement dans les textes bibliques.
En réalité, il ne s’agit que d’une version «christianisée» du culte des dieux païens du Panthéon romain. Dans l’antiquité, les romains qui vénéraient de nombreuses divinités, étaient confrontés à l’impossibilité de construire un temple pour chacune d’entre elles. Aussi, en 27 av. J-C, à l’initiative du général Agrippa, on construisit un somptueux édifice dans lequel on installa les statues de tous ces dieux afin de pouvoir tous les adorer dans un même lieu.
Au IVe siècle, le pape Boniface IV, transforma ce temple Le panthéon des saints en une église qui fut consacrée à Sainte Marie des Martyrs. C’est ainsi que la « fête de tous les martyrs» fut instaurée le 13 Mai. Aux alentours de 830, le pape Grégoire IV transféra cette cérémonie au 1er Novembre et la rebaptisa du nom de « la fête de tous les saints » ou la Toussaint. Dédiée à tous les saints, c’est-à-dire aux personnes décédées que l’Eglise catholique considère comme étant dignes de recevoir un culte, cette fête constitue un excellent compromis pour remplacer d’autres cultes des morts comme la fête du Samain citée plus haut.
À cette occasion, on commémore et l’on invoque les défunts canonisés afin de leur demander d’intercéder auprès de Dieu en notre faveur.

La fête des défunts

Cette fête a été instituée par l’Eglise catholique, à la suite d’une vision qu’aurait eu le gardien de l’église de Saint Pierre alors qu’il commémorait justement la Toussaint.

Ce dernier, après avoir fait le tour de tous les autels et invoqué les saints, se serait endormi devant
l’autel de saint Pierre. Il serait alors tombé en extase et aurait vu Jésus-Christ et la vierge Marie qui
l’auraient amené au Purgatoire pour qu’il constate la souffrance des âmes qui s’y trouvaient. C’est ainsi que Dieu lui aurait demandé de revenir sur terre pour aller donner l’ordre au pape d’instituer
«la fête des âmes» ou le jour des défunts. À l’occasion de cette fête, on intercède donc pour les morts du Purgatoire afin qu’ils puissent obtenir la faveur de Dieu et achever ainsi leur purification avec succès.

Que dit la Bible ?

Ces cérémonies, soi-disant chrétiennes, constituent une atteinte faite à la parole Dieu.
En effet, la Bible déclare qu’il n’y a « qu’un seul Dieu, et aussi un seul médiateur entre Dieu et les hommes, Jésus-Christ homme » (1 Timothée 2 :5) et notamment « Tu n’auras point d’autres dieux devant ma face » (Exode 20 :3).

Ceux qui invoquent les « saints » du calendrier en vue de l’exaucement de leurs prières, non seulement désobéissent aux commandements divins mais ils insultent Dieu en accordant aux morts un pouvoir qu’ils n’ont pas. « Et comme il est réservé aux hommes de mourir une seule fois, après quoi vient le jugement » Hébreux 9 :27.
« Se vantant d’être sages, ils sont devenus fous ; et ils ont changé la gloire du Dieu incorruptible en images représentant l’homme corruptible, des oiseaux, des quadrupèdes, et des reptiles. C’est pourquoi Dieu les a livrés à l’impureté, selon les convoitises de leurs coeurs ; en sorte qu’ils déshonorent eux-mêmes leurs propres corps ; eux qui ont changé la vérité de Dieu en mensonge, et qui ont adoré et servi la créature au lieu du Créateur, qui est béni éternellement. Amen ! »
Romains 1 :22-25.

Non seulement Dieu ne tolère pas l’idolâtrie, mais il interdit formellement de tenter d’établir un contact avec les morts.
« Qu’on ne trouve chez toi personne qui fasse passer son fils ou sa fille par le feu, personne qui exerce le métier de devin, d’astrologue, d’augure, de magicien, d’enchanteur, personne de ceux qui
évoquent les esprits ou disent la bonne aventure, personne qui interroge les morts » Deutéronome 18 :10-11.

Ceux qui participent à ces rituels païens, désobéissent à la parole de Dieu et s’exposent ainsi au jugement divin et à une sanction sévère qu’aucune intercession ne pourra lever.

Source :  Les Dokimos, n °4 – Le Saviez-vous- Les origines de Halloween, la Toussaint et la fête des défunts.

LE SAVIEZ- VOUS ? Les origines de Halloween, la Toussaint et la fête des défunts

LE CHRETIEN ET LES RITES FUNERAIRES

C’est  bien connu, l’homme naît, vit et puis il meurt. « Il y a un temps pour tout, un temps pour toute chose sous les cieux : un temps pour naître, et un temps pour mourir » Ecclésiaste 3 : 2. Depuis les premières civilisations, les rituels funéraires ont évolué. Ces pratiques étaient associées à la croyance en un au-delà, qu’il soit un havre de paix ou non. Chaque société avait ses us et ses coutumes qui influençaient fortement les comportements et les modes de vie de chacun. Certains usages ont perduré jusqu’à nos jours et sont inscrits dans la mentalité contemporaine comme des traditions immuables, même parmi les chrétiens dits nés de nouveau. La mort reste encore un sujet sensible voire tabou parmi les chrétiens. En effet, elle remet en question la vie terrestre et l’assurance du salut. Ces derniers ont également des rites et des coutumes qui ont évolué au fil des persécutions et de la paganisation. Que disent les Ecritures sur les funérailles ? Quelle est l’origine de nos rites funéraires ? Qui les a institués ? L’histoire nous permet de retracer les coutumes des premières civilisations ainsi que celle des chrétiens. Un tour d’horizon des traditions funéraires dans différentes cultures et pays nous permettra d’y voir plus clair.  Nous aborderons également la question cruciale concernant le devenir de l’esprit, de l’âme et du corps après la mort.  

UN PEU D’HISTOIRE…

Les premiers chrétiens vivaient au milieu d’autres civilisations, d’une part les gréco-romains polythéistes, et d’autre part les juifs très attachés à la loi de Moïse.

Coutumes et rites grecs

Selon les croyances polythéistes grecques, il  était primordial d’avoir une sépulture. En effet, on pensait que les morts sans honneurs funèbres venaient hanter et persécuter les vivants. Ils attribuaient la mort au dieu Thanatos. Selon la légende, il résidait dans le tartare, région située aux portes de l’enfer.

Le défunt était lavé à l’aide d’huiles parfumées. Par la suite, le corps entier, excepté le visage, était entouré de bandelettes puis d’un linceul, pour être exposé dans la maison pendant une journée.  Dès le lendemain matin, avant les premières lueurs du soleil, il était transporté vers la nécropole. Le corps était ainsi installé dans un cercueil ou incinéré sur un bûcher. Le cercueil était placé dans un tombeau qui pouvait être souterrain (grottes) ou aérien (sarcophage). Lors de l’incinération, les cendres étaient recueillies dans une urne qui était ensuite ensevelie sous terre. Ces pratiques variaient en fonction des cités.

Une coutume voulait aussi qu’on place du mobilier et des objets dans la tombe pour que le défunt puisse s’en servir dans l’au-delà. On mettait aussi une pièce de monnaie dans la bouche ou dans la main du mort pour payer le péage. Une fois les obsèques terminées, un repas était organisé dans la maison d’un proche parent car le domicile du trépassé était considéré comme souillé jusqu’à la purification rituelle. Les grecs rendaient un culte aux morts, le troisième, le neuvième et le trentième jour après les funérailles, puis à chaque date anniversaire. L’usage voulait que l’on apporte un repas au défunt et qu’on lui offre des libations.

Coutumes et rites romains

Sarcophage romainLes romains s’intéressaient peu à l’au-delà. La naissance et la mort faisaient partie intégrante de la vie. Pour autant, ils souhaitent être adulés comme des dieux après leur mort. On retrouve chez eux des pratiques identiques aux grecs, à l’exemple de la pièce de monnaie pour le péage et des ustensiles funéraires afin de servir aux défunts. Orcus était le dieu ou le messager de la mort. La dépouille était également considérée comme impure et ne pouvait être  inhumée près des monuments sacrés. Entendez par monument sacrés, les stèles et les autels en l’honneur des divinités. Après avoir été lavé et embaumé, le corps été transporté hors de la ville. Pour les plus fortunés, c’était l’occasion d’étaler sa richesse et son rang social. En effet, ces derniers aimaient se faire inhumer le long des grands axes. Par la suite, ils érigeaient sur leurs tombes en sarcophages des mausolées à la gloire du défunt afin que tous les passants puissent les admirer.  L’incinération et l’inhumation étaient des pratiques répandues jusqu’au IIème siècle. Par la suite, l’inhumation a prédominé dans une société où la richesse et la gloire devaient être vues et connues de tous. Les  pauvres, les opprimés et les esclaves n’avaient pas d’autre choix que de se faire inhumer dans un cercueil en bois, dans un simple linceul ou encore d’être enterrés anonymement dans les fosses communes.

Coutume et rites juifs

Aux temps des patriarches, les morts étaient enterrés dans des cavernes ou des tombes familiales creusées à même la roche, à l’exemple de la caverne de Macpéla qu’Abraham acheta pour ensevelir sa femme Sara (Genèse 23 :19). Le deuil durait sept jours durant lesquels on déchirait ses vêtements et l’on pleurait. Lorsqu ’Israël fut installé sur la terre promise, toutes les tombes, sauf celles des rois, étaient situées en dehors des villes. En effet, la loi de Moïse considérait les cadavres comme impurs (Lévitique 19 :28). L’incinération n’était pas autorisée. Après les funérailles, un repas était servi à ceux qui menaient le deuil. Plus tard, au temps de Jésus, les rituels étaient nombreux et variaient en fonction des régions. Toutefois, la loi mosaïque demeurait toujours comme référence pour la ligne de conduite à adopter. On retrouvait chez certains les bandelettes imprégnées de parfum et l’inhumation dans les caveaux familiaux, à l’exemple de Lazare de Béthanie (Jean 11 :38). Ou encore, après avoir été lavé, le corps était exposé dans une chambre haute. Les rabbins préconisaient l’enterrement le jour même de la mort. Actuellement, lahalakha,  loi rabbinique, codifie les rites funéraires.

L’EVOLUTION DES MOEURS CHRÉTIENNES

Les premiers chrétiens

niche catacombes Les premiers chrétiens furent persécutés par les romains. A l’inverse de leurs contemporains, ils refusaient les croyances romaines et tous les signes ostentatoires de richesse et de réussite sociale. Ainsi, les morts chrétiens étaient enterrés dans des catacombes, des réseaux de galeries souterrains qui servaient de sépultures collectives. C’est là qu’on entreposait dans des niches les ossements des martyrs et des saints décédés. Les signes de luxe étaient bannis. Seules les inscriptions contenant le nom de la personne ainsi que les symboles de la colombe ou du berger étaient admis. Bien loin des fastes romains, les enterrements étaient sobres et humbles. Ce lieu n’était  pour eux qu’un lieu de repos provisoire avant la résurrection. On pouvait dénombrer plus d’une centaine de milliers de morts dans une catacombe.

La paganisation du christianisme

Il faudra attendre le 3ème siècle après Jésus-Christ pour  voir apparaitre des signes de distinction sociale qui sépare les chrétiens de leurs premières pratiques. En effet, dès que le christianisme devint religion d’Etat, les hauts responsables de l’Eglise voulurent asseoir leur autorité dans toutes les cités. La pensée du retour immédiat de Jésus-Christ s’estompa peu à peu. C’est alors que les chrétiens commencèrent à utiliser des représentations ostentatoires, à l’instar de la fameuse croix. C’est aussi à cette période-là que le culte des martyrs et des saints émergea. Vers 360 après Jésus, on délaissa les catacombes au profit d’édifices gigantesques et de somptueux monuments. Les restes de martyrs et des saints furent transportés dans l’enceinte de la ville, jusque dans les forums, où l’on érigeait des basiliques sur les ossement sacrés. Les anciens autels païens furent, quant à eux, transformés en églises. Lorsque le déclin de l’empire romain commença, les hommes cherchèrent la protection des martyrs. Les riches donateurs s’assuraient les premières places au paradis en faisant des dons pour la construction de basiliques. En effet, à l’époque, pour avoir accès au paradis, il fallait être inhumé près d’un saint. Les premières basiliques étaient d’architecture modeste, mais grâces aux dons, elles  devinrent d’énormes monuments. La basilique de Trente en est un exemple parfait. Lorsque le riche donateur décédait, il était bien entendu enterré près du saint qu’il avait financé ! Bien sûr, les pauvres étaient exclus.

Au Moyen-âge, les nefs des cathédrales et les autels abritaient les ossements des saints. Le commerce des places près des saints était toujours en vigueur. On reprenait les sarcophages païens pour y déposer les ossements des martyrs et des saints. L’Eglise Romaine commença peu à peu à contrôler les rites funéraires. Elle appliqua une rude répression vis-à-vis des pratiques païennes gréco-romaines et institua des cérémonies et des rituels qu’elle seule dictait. C’est ainsi qu’apparurent l’extrême-onction, les sacrements fondamentaux, le purgatoire, les indulgences… Dès l’agonie, on appelait un prêtre afin qu’il dispense l’extrême-onction ensuite, dès que la mort survenait, une veillée était organisée dans l’église. Enfin, le corps était inhumé dans le cimetière juxtaposé à l’église. Les messes-anniversaires étaient célébrées à des dates régulières pour assurer le repos de l’âme du défunt. Celles-ci se déroulaient en  latin, langue incomprise des communs des mortels, à l’exception des membres du clergé. A partir du  4ème siècle, les pères de l’Eglise encouragèrent le pèlerinage vers ces basiliques érigées en de gigantesques monuments. Ainsi, pour terminer la construction de la basilique St-Pierre à Rome, le pape en personne vendit des indulgences. Cet acte marqua le départ d’une révolte, celle de Martin Luther.

La réforme protestante

Au XVIème siècle, Martin Luther fut le premier à dénoncer ces dérives. Il s’opposa vivement au saint siège et à la papauté ce qui aboutit à une rupture avec l’Eglise Romaine. Il fut l’instigateur d’une nouvelle forme de pensée chrétienne : le protestantisme. Les protestants refusèrent les saint-sacrements, les messes en latin et essayèrent de revenir à la pratique des premiers chrétiens en s’éloignant des distinctions sociales et des signes de richesse dans les enterrements. Ils refusèrent la pratique des indulgences, le principe du purgatoire, les messes et les cérémonies autour de la mort. Cela leur valut de vives persécutions de la part de l’Eglise Romanie. En effet, l’édit d’Amboise promulgué en 1562, imposa aux protestants l’enterrement de nuit, et les exclut des cimetières communs qui étaient sous l’autorité de l’Eglise Romaine. Il fallut attendre l’édit de Nantes (1598) pour que les protestants puissent construire leurs propres cimetières hors de la ville.

QUEL HÉRITAGE NOUS RESTE-IL ?

Aujourd’hui encore, l’inhumation et l’incinération sont les principales méthodes utilisées pour faire disparaître le corps. Il en existe d’autres, qui ne sont que des variantes de ces principales méthodes. Fortement encouragée depuis des siècles par l’Eglise Romaine, l’inhumation reste l’usage courant. Mais depuis le début du XX ème siècle, la crémation, même si elle demeure rare, connait un essor. Ces deux méthodes sont-elles compatibles avec la foi chrétienne ? Que deviennent l’esprit, l’âme et le corps quand on décède ?

L’inhumation

Pratique très ancienne, l’inhumation vient du   latin «  in humus » qui signifie « dans le sol ». Elle fut utilisée dans les premiers temps afin d’éviter la propagation de maladies comme la peste et le choléra. Elle fut longtemps plébiscitée par l’Eglise Romaine.

L’incinération

Son usage le plus ancien remonte à l’antiquité gréco-romaine. Sous l’influence de l’Eglise Romaine, elle fut pendant un temps prohibée. En effet, sa pratique constituait une provocation à l’égard de la croyance en la résurrection des morts. On retrouve quelques évocations dans la société allemande du XVIIIème siècle. Elle connait actuellement un essor depuis le XIXème siècle grâce aux religions et philosophies orientales et bouddhistes selon lesquelles, l’homme qui se fait incinérer retourne au « grand Tout », c’est-à-dire au cosmos.

Que dit la Bible ?

La Bible nous peint la mort pour les enfants de Dieu comme un endormissement et nous annonce la promesse d’une vie éternelle en Jésus-Christ.

Le salut de nos âmes s’obtient par la foi en Jésus-Christ qui nous a rachetés de nos péchés par son sang précieux. Le pardon des péchés est accessible à tous ceux qui ont donné leur vie au Seigneur Jésus, et  uniquement pendant la vie terrestre.

«Il n’y a de salut en aucun autre ; car il n’y a sous le ciel aucun autre nom qui ait été donné parmi les hommes, par lequel nous devions être sauvés » Actes 4 : 12.

«Mais à tous ceux qui l’ont reçue, à ceux qui croient en son nom, elle a donné le pouvoir de devenir enfants de Dieu, lesquels sont nés,  du sang, ni de la volonté de la chair, ni de la volonté de l’homme, mais de Dieu » Jean 1 : 12-13. « Que le Dieu de paix vous sanctifie lui-même tout entiers, et que tout votre être, l’esprit, l’âme et le corps, soit conservé irrépréhensible, lors de l’avènement de notre Seigneur Jésus Christ ! » 1 Thessalonciens 5 : 23. 

Lorsqu’un enfant de Dieu décède, son esprit et son âme retournent à Dieu s’il a vécu dans la sanctification.

« L’Éternel Dieu forma l’homme de la poussière de la terre, il souffla dans ses narines un souffle de vie et l’homme devint un être vivant » Genèse 2 : 7

« Mais en réalité, dans l’homme, c’est l’esprit, Le souffle du Tout Puissant, qui donne l’intelligence »  Job 32 :8.

« L’esprit de Dieu m’a créé, Et le souffle du Tout Puissant m’anime » Job 33 :4.

L’enveloppe corporelle, quant à elle, retourne à la poussière.

« C’est à la sueur de ton visage que tu mangeras du pain, jusqu’à ce que tu retournes dans la terre, d’où tu as été pris ; car tu es poussière, et tu retourneras dans la poussière » Genèse 6 :19.

L’incinération est redoutée par les chrétiens car, selon la croyance populaire, la résurrection des morts est synonyme de rétablissement à l’identique du corps charnel. Pour d’autres courants chrétiens, le recours à l’incinération empêcherait la résurrection des morts, chose que la Bible n’a jamais dit.

Bien aimés, les premiers chrétiens qui ont été brûlés vifs, décapités, écorchés, ébouillantés, dévorés par des bêtes, ne remettaient pas en doute la résurrection des morts alors que leurs dépouilles étaient réduites en miettes ou en cendres à cause des supplices qu’ils subissaient. Pourquoi il y aurait une différence entre ces chrétiens-là et ceux qui disparaissent en mer, sont incinérés ou enterrés ?

La résurrection est une promesse du Seigneur et ce, quelle que soit la façon dont le corps a été traité après le décès.

« Or, si l’on prêche que Christ est ressuscité des morts, comment quelques-uns parmi vous disent-ils qu’il n’y à point de résurrection des morts ? S’il n’y a point de résurrection des morts, Christ non plus n’est pas ressuscité. Et si Christ n’est pas ressuscité, notre prédication est donc vaine, et votre foi aussi est vaine. Il se trouve même que nous sommes de faux témoins à l’égard de Dieu, puisque nous avons témoigné contre Dieu qu’il a ressuscité Christ, tandis qu’il ne l’aurait pas ressuscité, si les morts ne ressuscitent point. Car si les morts ne ressuscitent point, Christ non plus n’est pas ressuscité. Et si Christ n’est pas ressuscité, votre foi est vaine, [..] Mais maintenant, Christ est ressuscité des morts, il est les prémices de ceux qui sont morts. Car, puisque la mort est venue par un homme, c’est aussi par un homme qu’est venue la résurrection des morts. Et comme tous meurent en Adam, de même aussi tous revivront en Christ, mais chacun en son rang. Christ comme prémices, puis ceux qui appartiennent à Christ, lors de son avènement. Ensuite viendra la fin, quand il remettra le royaume à celui qui est Dieu et Père, après avoir détruit toute domination, toute autorité et toute puissance.[…] Si c’est dans des vues humaines que j’ai combattu contre les bêtes à Éphèse, quel avantage m’en revient-il ? Si les morts ne ressuscitent pas, Mangeons et buvons, car demain nous mourrons. Ne vous y trompez pas : les mauvaises compagnies corrompent les bonnes mœurs..[…] Mais quelqu’un dira : Comment les morts ressuscitent-ils, et avec quel corps reviennent-ils ? Insensé ! Ce que tu sèmes ne reprend point vie, s’il ne meurt. Et ce que tu sèmes, ce n’est pas le corps qui naîtra ; c’est un simple grain, de blé peut-être, ou de quelque autre semence ; puis Dieu lui donne un corps comme il lui plaît, et à chaque semence il donne un corps qui lui est propre. Toute chair n’est pas la même chair ; mais autre est la chair des hommes, autre celle des quadrupèdes, autre celle des oiseaux, autre celle des poissons. Il y a aussi des corps célestes et des corps terrestres ; mais autre est l’éclat des corps célestes, autre celui des corps terrestres. Autre est l’éclat du soleil, autre l’éclat de la lune, et autre l’éclat des étoiles ; même une étoile diffère en éclat d’une autre étoile. Ainsi en est-il de la résurrection des morts. Le corps est semé corruptible ; il ressuscite incorruptible ; Il est semé méprisable, il ressuscite glorieux ; il est semé infirme, il ressuscite plein de force ; il est semé corps animal, il ressuscite corps spirituel. S’il y a un corps animal, il y a aussi un corps spirituel [..] Voici, je vous dis un mystère : nous ne mourrons pas tous, mais tous nous serons changés, en un instant, en un clin d’oeil, à la dernière trompette. La trompette sonnera, et les morts ressusciteront incorruptibles, et nous, nous serons changés. Car il faut que ce corps corruptible revête l’incorruptibilité, et que ce corps mortel revête l’immortalité. Lorsque ce corps corruptible aura revêtu l’incorruptibilité, et que ce corps mortel aura revêtu l’immortalité » 1 Corinthiens 12-58.

Rappelons-nous des paroles du Seigneur : « La volonté de mon Père, c’est que quiconque voit le Fils et croit en lui ait la vie éternelle ; et je le ressusciterai au dernier jour » (Jean 6 : 40).

Au temps de l’apôtre Paul, les croyances concernant la résurrection existaient déjà. La question fut même posée : Comment les morts ressuscitent-ils, et avec quel corps reviennent-ils à la vie ? En effet, les chrétiens pensaient que lors de la résurrection, l’enveloppe corporelle reprendrait exactement le même aspect que durant sa vie terrestre.

La réponse que donne Paul est claire : « Insensé ! Ce que tu sèmes ne reprend point vie, s’il ne meurt. Et ce que tu sèmes, ce n’est pas le corps qui naîtra ; c’est un simple grain, de blé peut-être, ou de quelque autre semence ; puis Dieu lui donne un corps comme il lui plaît, et à chaque semence il donne un corps qui lui est propre. Toute chair n’est pas la même chair ; mais autre est la chair des hommes, autre celle des quadrupèdes, autre celle des oiseaux, autre celle des poissons. Il y a aussi des corps célestes et des corps terrestres ; mais autre est l’éclat des corps célestes, autre celui des corps terrestres. Autre est l’éclat du soleil, autre l’éclat de la lune, et autre l’éclat des étoiles ; même une étoile diffère en éclat d’une autre étoile. Ainsi en est-il de la résurrection des morts. Le corps est semé corruptible ; il ressuscite incorruptible ; Il est semé méprisable, il ressuscite glorieux ; il est semé infirme, il ressuscite plein de force ; il est semé corps animal, il ressuscite corps spirituel. S’il y a un corps animal, il y a aussi un corps spirituel  »

On peut certes avoir une préférence pour l’inhumation mais rien n’interdit le recours à l’incinération. En effet, ne retourne-t-on pas pour autant à la poussière quand on est incinéré ? D’ailleurs, la plupart des personnes y ont recours parce que l’incinération est moins onéreuse que l’inhumation (comptez en moyenne 4500€).

Dieu est Tout Puissant, il est donc capable de ressusciter un corps même s’il est dans un piteux état. Une personne chrétienne qui meurt estropiée, infirme, boiteuse, décapitée, ressuscitera certainement avec un corps ayant revêtu l’incorruptibilité, en sorte que le corps physique est complètement restauré, non à la condition première, mais glorieux.

Avec Dieu, nous ne devons pas raisonner ou imaginer, mais nous devons croire avec foi que la résurrection est réelle. Peu importe la manière dont nous mourrons, peu importe quel processus on a utilisé pour renvoyer l’enveloppe corporelle à la poussière. Nous ressusciterons avec un corps glorifié, c’est tout ce qu’il nous faut croire.

En France, il est possible de laisser des consignes anticipées concernant le traitement de son enveloppe corporelle. Sachez aussi que ce n’est pas un péché si vous faites don de vos organes afin de sauver la vie d’autres personnes.  Bien au contraire, Jésus a dit « Il n’y a pas de plus grand amour que de donner sa vie pour ses amis » (Jean 15 :13). Pour cela, il suffit de se procurer une carte de donneur d’organes ou alors de faire connaître à votre entourage proche votre opinion favorable à cette pratique et ceux-ci pourront en parler au moment venu à l’équipe médicale. Faites-le si vous le souhaitez et si vous êtes convaincus dans votre for intérieur.

« C’est pour la liberté que Christ nous a affranchis. Demeurez donc fermes, et ne vous laissez pas mettre de nouveau sous le joug de la servitude » Galates 5 : 1

« Et je vis les morts, les grands et les petits, qui se tenaient devant le trône. Des livres furent ouverts. Et un autre livre fut ouvert, celui qui est le livre de vie. Et les morts furent jugés selon leurs œuvres, d’après ce qui était écrit dans ces livres. La mer rendit les morts qui étaient en elle, la mort et le séjour des morts rendirent les morts qui étaient en eux ; et chacun fut jugé selon ses œuvres » Apocalypse 20:13.

« La main de l’Éternel fut sur moi, et l’Éternel me transporta en esprit, et me déposa dans le milieu d’une vallée remplie d’ossements. Il me fit passer auprès d’eux, tout autour ; et voici, ils étaient fort nombreux, à la surface de la vallée, et ils étaient complètement secs. Il me dit : Fils de l’homme, ces os pourront-ils revivre ? Je répondis : Seigneur Éternel, tu le sais. Il me dit : Prophétise sur ces os, et dis-leur : Ossements desséchés, écoutez la parole de l’Éternel ! Ainsi parle le Seigneur, l’Éternel, à ces os : Voici, je vais faire entrer en vous un esprit, et vous vivrez ; je vous donnerai des nerfs, je ferai croître sur vous de la chair, je vous couvrirai de peau, je mettrai en vous un esprit, et vous vivrez [..], il y eut un bruit, et voici, il se fit un mouvement, et les os s’approchèrent les uns des autres. Je regardai, et voici, il leur vint des nerfs, la chair crût, et la peau les couvrit par-dessus ; mais il n’y avait point en eux d’esprit. Il me dit : Prophétise, et parle à l’esprit ! Prophétise, fils de l’homme, et dis à l’esprit : Ainsi parle le Seigneur, l’Éternel : Esprit, viens des quatre vents, souffle sur ces morts, et qu’ils revivent ! Je prophétisai, selon l’ordre qu’il m’avait donné. Et l’esprit entra en eux, et ils reprirent vie, et ils se tinrent sur leurs pieds » Ezéchiel 37 : 1-10.

Ainsi, la résurrection ne dépend pas de la façon dont nous avons conservé le corps du défunt mais bien du Seigneur et de notre marche sur terre. Avons-nous été fidèles ? Avons-nous gardé ses commandements ?

Toutefois, il est clair que les chrétiens ne doivent pas, sous prétexte de la liberté en Christ, participer à des rituels et des pratiques funéraires mystiques.

« Frères, vous avez été appelés à la liberté, seulement ne faites pas de cette liberté un prétexte de vivre selon la chair » Galates 5 : 13.

DES PRATIQUES DANGEREUSES

Chaque peuple a développé, comme nous l’avons vu, des rites et des coutumes autour des funérailles et  la mémoire des défunts. Ces pratiques peuvent parfois se transformer en des cérémonies mystiques.

En occident, on retrouve la fête de la toussaint. Elle est fêtée le 1er novembre et commémore tous les saints. Elle est suivie du jour dédié à la commémoration des défunts, qui est célébré le 2 novembre. Ces deux cérémonies vont de pair et sont aujourd’hui célébrées le même jour dans beaucoup de pays, en particulier en France.toussaint.1194174554

En Amérique du nord, la toussaint a dérivé en Halloween. Au Mexique, c’est l’occasion pour les habitants de présenter des offrandes et des libations aux défunts sur les autels construits dans chaque maison. Il est coutume d’aller manger, boire et danser autour des tombes et d’offrir des têtes de mort en sucre. Bien entendu, les messes dites pour les morts chez les catholiques et les orthodoxes relèvent aussi du mysticisme car aucune intercession n’est utile une fois passé dans l’au-delà.

« Et comme il est réservé aux hommes de mourir une seul fois, après quoi vient le jugement » Hébreux 9 :27.

funérailles bamilékéEn Afrique sub-saharienne, il n’est pas rare de voir des funérailles durer plusieurs jours. La famille accueille les invités qui viennent les soutenir. Le corps est parfois exposé dans la maison familiale et la période de funérailles s’achève lorsque le corps est enterré. C’est alors que les festivités commencent. En effet, pour certains peuples, il s’agit d’une véritable fête durant laquelle on asperge d’eau la veuve ou le veuf du défunt. On fait également appel à des chefs coutumiers, à des sorciers ou à des augures pour faire des incantations particulières.

En Asie, les rituels sont souvent liés à l’hindouisme et au bouddhisme. Ainsi, en Inde, le corps doit être incinéré près des cours d’eau. C’est au fils-ainé, s’il est en âge, qu’incombe la charge de mettre le feu au bûcher. Les rites du Preta-Karma accompagnent la crémation qui se termine par un culte rendu aux ancêtres, le Shrâddha . Il existe d’autres pratiques, comme en Indonésie, où les morts sont enterrés dans des caveaux familiaux. Des poupées à leurs effigies sont concues afin de permettre le culte des morts.

Nous l’aurons compris, toutes ces pratiques ne sont qu’une variante de l’invocation des morts, pratique abominable, formellement interdite par la Bible.

« Ne vous tournez point vers ceux qui évoquent les esprits, ni vers les devins ; ne les recherchez point, de peur de vous souiller avec eux. Je suis l’Éternel, votre Dieu » Lévitique 19 :31.

« Qu’on ne trouve chez toi personne qui fasse passer son fils ou sa fille par le feu, personne qui exerce le métier de devin, d’astrologue, d’augure, de magicien, d’enchanteur, personne qui consulte ceux qui évoquent les esprits ou disent la bonne aventure, personne qui interroge les morts. Car quiconque fait ces choses est en abomination à l’Éternel ; et c’est à cause de ces abominations que l’Éternel, ton Dieu, va chasser ces nations devant toi » Deutéronome 18 :10-12.

« Vous ne ferez point d’incisions dans votre chair pour un mort, et vous n’imprimerez point de figures sur vous. Je suis l’Éternel » Lévitique 19 :28.

Pour conclure, voici deux versets à méditer :

« Examinez-vous vous mêmes, pour savoir si vous êtes dans la foi ; éprouvez-vous vous-mêmes. Ne reconnaissez-vous pas que Jésus Christ est en vous ? à moins peut-être que vous ne soyez réprouvés » 2 Corinthiens 5 : 13.

« Mais examinez toutes choses ; retenez ce qui est bon ; abstenez-vous de toute espèce de mal » 1 Thessaloniciens 5 : 21-22.

Il existe un nombre incalculable de rites funéraires, seul un examen personnel, à la lumière des Ecritures, vous permettra de savoir si ces pratiques relèvent du mysticisme ou non.

G. N.

LE CHRÉTIEN ET LES RITES FUNÉRAIRES

La reproduction est autorisée si elle est intégrale et la source citée.

THE BIBLICAL PROPHECY- THE WAR BETWEEN THE 2 POSTERITIES -PART 8 AND THE END

the world is not worth for them;
– wonder in deserts, mountains, caves and in the dens of the earth;
– are under all kind of sufferings;
– are killed, cut and tortured;
– die by sword;
– go here and there dressed in skins of sheep and goats;
– are deprived of everything, persecuted and maltreated.
This is a very beautiful image of the pilgrims who have their eyes fixed upon the divine reward, like Moses who preferred to be maltreated alongside God’s people instead of enjoying his prince title and the riches of Egypt. How many are capable of such abstinence? Only those knowing how to renounce their present life will have the right to enter the New Jerusalem that Jesus has gone to prepare for us. (John 14: 1-3; 17: 16)

3)THE NEW JERUSALEM
“’Behold, I will create new heavens and a new earth. The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind. But be glad and rejoice forever in what
I will create, for I will create Jerusalem to be a delight and its people a joy. I will rejoice over Jerusalem and take delight in my people; the sound of weeping and of crying will be heard in it no more. ‘Never again will there be in it an infant who lives but a few days, or an old man who does not live out his years; he who dies at 100 will be thought a mere youth; he who fails to reach 100 be considered accursed. They will build houses and dwell in them; they will plant vineyards and eat their fruit. No longer will they build houses and others live in them, or plant and others eat. For as the days of a tree, so will be the days of my people; my chosen ones will long enjoy the works of their hands. They will not toil in vain or bear children doomed to misfortune; for they will be a people blessed by the Lord, they and their descendants with them. Before they call I will answer; while they are still speaking I will hear. The wolf and the lamb will feed together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox, but dust will be the serpent’s food. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain,’ says the Lord.” Isaiah 65: 17-25
A New Earth and a New Heaven
The New Jerusalem is a place where saints of all times will live forever; it is indeed a heavenly city or in other words the object of Abraham’s hope (Hebrews 11: 10-16; 12: 28; 13: 14).
The Bible tells us about this city first time in Genesis 14. Abram/Abraham, the father in faith, had the privilege to be visited by Jerusalem’s king in the person of Melchizedek.

Jerusalem or Yeruwshalaim in Hebrew means ‘the fundament of peace’ and has its origin the town of Salem (Gen. 14:18 -n.tr.) or the city where eternal peace reigns.
Therefore Jerusalem is the meeting place, the Tabernacle where God met people, with its 3 characteristic parts: the Parvis, the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies.
Zebedee’s sons have sent their mother for she might convince Jesus to save some special positions for them in His Kingdom. Jesus’ answer confirms that there are indeed this kind of places and positions reversed to special types of persons and we can assume that they are those who suffer for the Gospel. (Luke 22: 28-30) God is just; although the saints living in the New Jerusalem will all take advantage of God’s glory (Shekinah), will not have the same privileges.( Daniel 12) In fact, according to Daniel 12: 3, those who were intelligent will shine as the sky’s splendour and those who teach justice through their sanctified life, will sparkle as stars. Paul teaches us that certain stars differ in brightness from others. (1 Corinthians 15: 41) Similarly, a person saved from the justice he/she normally deserves, such as the thief of the cross (Luke 23: 39-43), will receive neither the reward nor for instance Paul’s brightness, this last one having suffered all his life for the Gospel.
Between several different names that Jerusalem has, I mention:
-Spouse of the Lamb;
-The New Bride;
-The Great City;
-The Precious Stone;
-Our Mother;
-The Mount of Zion;
-The city of the Living God;
-The Heavenly Jerusalem.
“One of the 7 angels who had the7 bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me: ‘Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.’ And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God. It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. It had a great, high wall with 12 gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. There were three gates on the east, 3 on the north, 3 on the south and 3 on the west. The wall of the city had 12 foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. 16The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia in length, and as wide and high as it is long. He measured its wall and it was 144 cubits thick, by man’s measurement, which the angel was using. The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass. The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the 2nd sapphire, the 3rdchalcedony, the 4th emerald, the 5th sardonyx, the 6th carnelian, the 7th chrysolite, the 8th beryl, the 9th topaz, the 10th chrysoprase, the 11th jacinth, and the 12th amethyst. The 12 gates were 12 pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of pure gold, like transparent glass. I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendour into it. On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there. The glory and honour of the nations will be brought into it. Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.” Revelation 21: 9-27
In the New Jerusalem, we will the tree of life that will be ‘in the middle of the city square’ (Revelation 22: 2). This tree will be aroused by a river (the Holy Spirit) which flows out of the throne of God/Y.H.W.H. The ones who overcome will be able to eat as much as they will want from its fruits (Revelation 2: 7), because it will bare fruits 12 times a year and its leaves will serve for the nations’ healing. (Revelation 22: 2) There will be no death, no sickness, no sadness and no failure. There will also be no darkness because we will have the privilege to see God who will light the city of His glory.
Isn’t it wonderful to know that the Lord has prepared such a place for those who love Him and who persevere in justice and sanctification?

CONCLUSION
“And do this, understanding the present time. The hour has come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armour of light. Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Rather, clothe yourselves with the
Lord Jesus Christ, and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the sinful nature.” Romans 13: 11-14
In this passage, the Lord teaches us that the night or the apostasy is advanced.
In the parable from Matthew 25: 1-13, the 10 virgins had fallen asleep because their spouse was late to come. This sleep represents ‘the spiritual death’ or ‘the apostasy’.
Those 10 virgins’ sleep corresponds to the spiritual state of the Church from Sardis.
“To the angel of the church in Sardis write: ‘These are the words of him who holds the 7 spirits of God and the7 stars. I know your deeds; you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead. Wake up! Strengthen what remains and is about to die, for I have not found your deeds complete in the sight of my God. Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; obey it, and repent. But if you do not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what time I will come to you. Yet you have a few people in Sardis who have not soiled their clothes. They will walk with me, dressed in white, for they are worthy. He who overcomes will, like them, be dressed in white. I will never blot out his name from the book of life, but will acknowledge his name before my Father and his angels. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches!” Revelation 3: 1-6
This assembly seems alive, but in reality her deeds are dead. For although she had received Y.H.W.H.’s Word, this Word hasn’t unfortunately produced the anticipated fruits due to neglect. This present time and the apostasy in our churches confirm that we are almost at midnight according to God’s horologe.
And it is known that it is quite at midnight when sleep becomes deep – this is the image of the sin’s paroxysm amongst the world nations and also in plenty of our churches today.

Everywhere in the world, the Lord cries out on His people’s ears to wake them up and make them realise that the present time is evil.
“And I will put enmity between you and the woman and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” Genesis 3:15
This prophecy was partially been fulfilled when Jesus-Christ has defeated satan on the cross 2,000 years ago: “And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.”
Colossians 2: 15
“Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death-that is, the devil- and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death.” Hebrews 2: 14-15
The other part of the prophecy will come to pass when Yeshoua will crush satan definitively under our feet (Romans 16: 20).
” And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulphur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.” Revelation 20: 10
All these passages confirm Christ is truly the Woman’s Posterity by Excellency. He truly disrobed the kingdom of darkness at the cross. On the other hand, the devil, the intermediary between Judah and the Jews, he has effectively hurt the Messiah’s heel. At the end of times, according to the Word preached, Jesus-Christ will crush the snake and He will destroy death and hell forever.
Like me, you have surely noticed that the world lives its last moments. You have to be blind or with a wicked faith not to realise that the last prophecies are fulfilled before our eyes. We are indeed living the last hour! No matter how hard people try to ameliorate humanity, these attempts are futile because it has reached such a degree of infamy that is impossible to go backwards. Thus, according to the Biblical prophecies, this earth will pass, but not a single letter of the Word will be cut off (Matthew 5: 18). The day of accountability before God for this planet is closer than we think.
“And do this, understanding the present time. The hour has come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed.” Romans 13: 11

After you have read this book, maybe you ask yourself: What can I do to stay strong in faith?’ The conclusion of the letters addressed to the 7 churches from Revelation is significant in the fight we Christians have to lead against the forces of darkness: each sheep of these churches is called to overcome. But if you are not yet in Christ, you may do it right now, so you can be among the victorious people and to escape the wrath to come.
To the Church of Ephesus:
“He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.” Revelation 2: 7
To the Church of Smyrna:
“He, who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. He who overcomes will not be hurt at all by the 2nd death.” Revelation 2: 11
To the Church of Pergamum:
“He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to him who receives it.”
Revelation 2: 17
To the Church of Thyatira:
“To him who overcomes and does my will to the end, I will give authority over the nations– He will rule them with an iron sceptre; he will dash them to pieces like pottery’ – just as I have received authority from my Father. I will also give him the morning star.” Revelation 2: 26-28
To the Church of Sardis:
“He who overcomes will, like them, be dressed in white. I will never blot out his name from the book of life, but will acknowledge his name before my Father and his angels.” Revelation 3: 5
To the Church of Philadelphia:
“Him who overcomes I will make a pillar in the temple of my God. Never again will he leave it. I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from my God; and I will also write on him my new name.” Revelation 3: 12
To the Church of Laodicea:
“To him who overcomes, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame and sat down with my Father on his throne.” Revelation 3: 21

“He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”
Revelation 3: 22
Jesus says 7 times: ‘to he who overcomes’; in other words, despite the hate of snake and of his posterity, we can also win because our Lord has won! (John 16: 33; Revelation 1: 18) We don’t fight to be victorious, but to keep and advance God’s kingdom on earth. God has created us even before the beginning of our existence to overcome.
Therefore, during a sexual contact between a man and a woman, more than 3,000,000 spermatozoids are being freed, but only one reaches the ovule, while the others die. God has put in our genes the capacity of success and those who are in Christ are more than overcomers.
“Who will bring any charge against those whom God has chosen? It is God who justifies. Who is he that condemns? Christ Jesus, who died–more than that, who was raised to life–is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword? As it is written: ‘For your sake we face death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered.’ No, in all these things we are more conquerors through him who loved us.” Romans 8: 33-37
Christ has defeated death (Revelation 1: 18), the snake (Hebrews 2: 14), the demons (Colossians 2:15), the Babylon (John 16: 33) and the flesh (Romans 6: 6).
No matter what fight we are delivered into, we have to keep on being strong because we have the assurance that:” For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
Romans 8: 38-39
“Blessed is the one who reads the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.” Revelation 1: 3
Therefore, I implore you to be careful at God’s warnings and to practise these 3 pieces of advice:

Read daily the Bible and study it personally;

Listen to what the Holy Spirit tells you; look after your communion with God and with the saints’ assembly;

Keep and practise the Word of God (Jacob 1: 22).

Jesus-Christ will soon return, convert, get out of the Babylon and don’t participate in their sins for fear of being rejected, so you don’t end up surprised and thrown into the lake of fire by the One who has the power to do it.
“I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.” Revelation 1: 18
I hope from all of my heart that this book will allow you to realise, dear brothers, how imperative is to do the good choice: that of following Christ and living daily in God’s fear, so that you might rejoice of the eternal life.
Be blessed and may Lord Yeshoua, our dearest Lord keep you for Him!
MARANATA!
your brother, Shora Kuetu

THE BIBLICAL PROPHECY- THE WAR BETWEEN THE 2 POSTERITIES -PART 7

CHAPTER VI: THE END OF THE WORLD

There is a general confusion between the expressions: ‘the end of time’ and ‘the end of the world’, because, in people’s minds, they are the one and same event; but the reality is quite different.
The end of times evokes the end of the human governing – a long period of time while God let people rule their own lives by themselves , so they realise the tragic consequences of their rebellion against Him. In fact, walking their own ways, human beings have done nothing else but propagate around them: chaos, misery, poverty and depravation, which, in part or as a whole, lead to the loss of most of them.
On the contrary, the end of the world refers to the final destruction of the Earth and of present skies/heavens (2 Peter 3: 10), event that will talk about in the next pages.
I.
SATAN’S LAST REVOLT

1) Gog and Maggog
“When the 1,000 years are over, satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the 4 corners of the earth–Gog and Maggog–to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God’s people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them.”
Revelation 20: 7-9
Many persons don’t understand why satan will be freed from his prison to seduce people again. Why wouldn’t the Lord throw him in the lake of fire immediately after His return on Earth?
The answer is simple: Y.H.W.H. ‘s justice wants each man to use his/her own free will for the 1) eternal life or 2) death [1)the tree of life, Christ Himself or 2)the tree of knowledge well and evil or anything that is not in Him- n.tr.]. The children born during the millennium will not be able to exercise their free will due to the fact that satan and his demons will be imprisoned, but they will have the opportunity to do it when this last one will be again freed for a while. This is the reason why nobody in eternity will be able to say that salvation was imposed by force to him/her: “ This day I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live.”
Deuteronomy 30: 19
According to Genesis 10: 2, Maggog is Japheth’s descendant. (Japheth was one of Noah’s sons). The Jewish historian Josef Flavius and other biblical commentators believe that Maggog is an ancestor of the inhabitants of the Black Sea, especially of the Russians. The biblical prophecy foretells of a man called Gog, the prince of Rosh, Meshach and Tubal (Ezekiel 39:1) who will come out of Maggog (Ezekiel 38 and 39). This person, a descendant/ posterity of the snake, will be accompanied by a strong army who will invade Israel.
“Get ready; be prepared, you and all the hordes gathered about you, and take command of them. After many days you will be called to arms. In future years you will invade a land that has recovered from war, whose people were gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel, which had long been desolate. They had been brought out from the nations, and now all of them live in safety. 9You and all your troops and the many nations with you will go up, advancing like a storm; you will be like a cloud covering the land.” Ezekiel 38:7-9
“’Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say to Gog: ‘This is what the Sovereign
LORD says: In that day, when my people Israel are living in safety, will you not take notice of it? You will come from your place in the far north, you and many nations with you, all of them riding on horses, a great horde, a mighty army. You will advance against my people Israel like a cloud that covers the land. In days to come, O Gog, I will bring you against my land, so that the nations may know me when I show myself holy through you before their eyes.” Ezekiel 38:14-16
As we saw above, Gog represents the Northern countries led by Russia and her ally the communist China who will invade the Israel’s territories. Pushed by satan, the armies of these countries will try desperately to destroy the Lord and His people during the last rebellion.
The prophecies of Ezekiel 38 and 39 concerning God have been partially fulfilled several times in the past. But they will come to pass completely only at the end of the millennium. Israel has truly known plenty of wars that could have endangered his existence. This thing happened for instance during the judges ‘period, during the emperors’ time, during the Maccabees and under the Roman Empire. From its birth as a state in 1948, many nations have tried to wipe Israel out as a nation, especially during its independence wars of 1948 and 1949. The neighbouring countries, such as Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq have

tried with that occasion to deprive Israel of its territories. Nevertheless, it has to be underlined that each time Russia was on the enemy side more or less officially.
Egypt, Syria and Jordan have signed a military treaty during the War in Mount Sinai (29.10.1956 until 05.11.1956), when Egypt entered into conflict with Israel for almost a week which put an end to the Israeli occupation over Mount Sinai, Gaza Strip and the city of Sharm El-Sheikh.
During the war of Yom Kippur, a day of great Jewish Celebration, that lasted between the 6th and 13th of Oct. 1973, the Egyptian and Syrian troops launched an offensive to recuperate the Israeli territories occupied in1967. U.S.A. has then offered help to the Jews while the ex-U.R.S.S. (Russia of today) took the Arab countries’ side!
This attack had been launched cunningly during the day of Yom Kippur (the day of the great forgiveness), because the Arabs knew that Exodus 16: 29 forbids Jews to work or go out during the great Sabbath. That is why Jesus asked the Jews to pray that the great tribulation doesn’t come during a day of Sabbath (Matthew 24: 20). Nevertheless, despite this surprise attack, the Hebrew people have quickly taken heart and threw all their battle forces into war, thus annihilating the enemy infantry and airpower.
“This is the word of the Lord concerning Israel. The Lord, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the foundation of the earth, and who forms the spirit of man within him, declares: ’I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the surrounding peoples reeling. Judah will be besieged as well as Jerusalem. On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone that crushes everyone that tries to lift it. When all nations on earth surround Jerusalem, I will make every horse panic and every rider confused. But at the same time, I will keep a watchful eye over the house of Judah, but I will blind all the horses of the nations. Then the leaders of Judah will say in their hearts, ‘The people of Jerusalem are strong, because the Lord Almighty is their God.’ ‘On that day I will make the leaders of Judah like a ball of fire in a woodpile, like a flaming torch among sheaves. They will consume right and left all the surrounding peoples, but Jerusalem will remain intact in her place.”
Zechariah 12: 1-6
Studying the history of the Jewish nation we notice that in the past, an invisible hand has always given it victory despite the insurmountable attacks raised against it. Like the prophet Zechariah said it well, Jerusalem is in fact both a cup of dizziness for the neighbouring countries and a pressing stone that can’t be lifted by the world nations.
THE BIBLICAL PROPHECY- The War between the 2 Posterities

2) SATAN THROWN IN THE LAKE OF FIRE
“Then he will say to those on his left: ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels!” Matthew 25:41
Satan, this terrifying being was at its origins a completely holy cherub. His unmeasured pride determined his fall: “How you have fallen from heaven, O
morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who
once laid low the nations! You said in your heart: ‘I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’ But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit. Those who see you stare at you, they ponder your fate: ‘Is this the man who shook the earth and made kingdoms tremble, the man who made the world a desert, who overthrew its cities and would not let his captives go home’?” Isaiah 14: 12-17
The expressions ‘ I will ascend , I mount, I raise’ prove satan is the author of sin After his fall, he reincarnated himself into a snake and cunningly seduced Eve, thus causing Adam’s fall and of the rest of humanity. He is the god of this century (2 Corinthians 3: 4) and the enemy of God and of all the Lord’s children. Knowing that he doesn’t have much time, he does his best to take with him in the lake of fire all the rebels. After the last rebellion which he will lead against Jesus-Christ and against God’s people, he will be caught and thrown into the lake of fire to join the beast (the antichrist) and the false prophet (the chief of the worldly religion, the Pope). So are all those persons who refuse the salvation proposed by Christ will thus be tortured for centuries to come far away from the Lord’s face.
II.
THE LAST JUDGEMENT
“Remember your Creator in the days of your youth, before the days of trouble come and the years approach when you will say: ‘I find no pleasure in them’.”
Ecclesiast 12: 1
Y.H.W.H.’s Word teaches us that Lord Yeshoua will be established as Judge over all dead and living people and that all deeds & intentions made by people will be judged at the end of the world (2 Timothy 4: 1). Everything will be scrutinised, including the words we say and all the thoughts of our heart. (Matthew 12: 36; Luke 12: 3).

The Bible teaches us that there are several types of judgements, of which 7 have a major importance:

The Judgement of sins, which took place at the cross (John 12: 31);

The Judgement of each believer by self-examining (1 Corinthians 11: 31)

The Judgement of the each believer’s deeds ( 2 Corinthians 5: 10);

The Judgement of nations (Matthew 25: 32);

Israel’s Judgement (Luke 22: 28-30);

Satan and his angels’ Judgement (Jude 6);

Last Judgement (Revelation 20: 11-15), which will take place at the end of the millennium and concerns all dead without Christ from Adam’s time.
1)The Resurrection and the Judgement of all Impious Men
“Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.” Daniel 12: 2
“… those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned.” John 5: 29
“Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. Earth and sky fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what he had done.” Revelation 20: 11-13
In the light of these verses, we see there are different degrees of severity, proportional to the gravity of people’s punishment because all dead without Christ will be judged according to their deeds. They all will be in the lake of fire, but each of them will receive a just retribution for his/hers deeds, because God is JUST.
All heathen of all times will resurrect at the end of the millennium to be judged according to their deeds. Hell and death will give out their dead.
Hell and the Lake of Fire
I would like to enlighten you regarding ‘hell’ (also called ‘the abode/stay of the dead’) and the ‘lake of fire’ because it is important for the saints to understand they are 2 completely different places.

Hell is a term that comes from the Greek word ‘Hades’ and from the Greek mythology. Hades is the god of the subterranean world. He is equivalent to the Roman god Orcus which gave the name ‘inferno’ in English. Therefore, the abode of the dead is Hell, the Inferno. It is a place where the dead heathen ‘sojourn’ for a while, temporarily while waiting for the last judgement. This place is of course one of suffering, of torture and of soul anxiety (Luke 16: 19-31). In Hell, the lost ones are completely conscious and keep their entire mental faculties.
The Lake of Fire is also called ‘the 2nd death’, meaning the final destination for the wicked/impious people. “Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.” Revelation 20: 14-15
After the last judgement, Hell (Hades) and death will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.
‘The 2nd death’ and ‘the Lake of Fire’ mentioned in this verse are 2 identical expressions which point to the final destination of the wicked ones, of the tares, of satan and all his demons. It is also called ‘the 2nd death ‘as the physical death proceeds it. This death is not annihilation, but a state, the condition of an eternal suffering. This is in fact the eternal separation from God.
Another expression used in the Bible to describe the definitive place for rebellious people is: Gehenna, which gets its origin from the Hebrew word ‘gehinnom’, or the Valley of Ben Hinnom, in Israel. (Matthew 5:22, 29, 30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mark 9:47; Luke 12:5; Jacob 3:6). I had once the opportunity to visit this place which is very close to Jerusalem, in Jan. 2011. Jerusalem is built upon the Mount of Zion; and the Valley of Ben Hinnom (‘the lake of fire’ literally); is situated in a waterfall below the mountain. The contrast is completely astonishing: Jerusalem is high up in the sky and the lake of fire down below in the obscure depths of the earth.
After the last judgement, Hell (god Hades or the abode of dead) will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.
In the past, this place was used to burn kids in the honour of Molok (an Ammonite deity). Because of the crimes made in this valley (Jeremiah 32:35), of its profanation by king Josiah (2 Kings 23:10), and maybe because of the rubbish burnt here and of its stink, the Valley of Hinnom became symbol of sin and of profound pain. Its name ended up in meaning ‘place of eternal exile or of eternal fire’. (Matthew 18:8-9).
Therefore, all people who refuse the Gospel all their life (the tares) will have as destination first the hell and later the lake of fire. They will suffer an eternal ruin, far from the Lord’s face. (2 Thessalonians 1:5-10)
“Then He will say to those on his left: ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.” Matthew 25: 41
The Lake of fire, apart from being an eternal fire (Matthew 25:41), is also described as:
– a place of eternal humiliation (Daniel 12:2);
– an eternal shame (Daniel 12:2);
– an eternal ruin or the wrath to come ( 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10);
– the eternal fire;
-the 2nd death (Revelation 20:6).
I have the privilege to be taken into spirit by the Lord several times when He showed me the Hell and the Lake of Fire. In a vision I could see subterranean compartments similar to prison cells, but with hundreds of souls imprisoned there. The promiscuity was so great that you could hardly breathe. Those people were looking at me with undescribed desperation. The more I got down inside the depths of hell, the bigger the level of pain/torture grew. Reaching its bottom, I saw a beautiful lady who came to beg me to take her out of there. She told me that on earth she used to be a Satanist priestess who refused the Gospel during her lifetime. I couldn’t answer her because something stopped me.
According to Hebrews 9: 27, a person is given a single death and afterwards comes judgement. This woman has been already condemned; no one could do anything for her.
In another vision, I was in a place where there was so much suffering. I saw people lying on the ground with tongues dried out of thirst. Another time, I saw a place with earthly worms that were, to my surprise, human heads. The air in there was made of sulphurous, thus making the atmosphere unbearable, irrespirable. These worms had no choice but to breathe that kind of air and thus were suffering an eternal lungs burning. A verse then came into my mind:”…‘their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.’ Everyone will be salted with fire’.” Mark 9:48-49
I implore you: do whatever it takes, whatever possible and don’t end up in that place!
2)
The Earth’s Destruction
After the last judgement, the present earth and skies will be destroyed along with all that is on them. (2 Peter 3: 10)

“See to it that you do not refuse him who speaks. If they did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, how much less will we, if we turn away from him who warns us from heaven? At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised: ‘Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.’ The words « once more » indicate the removing of what can be shaken–that is, created things–so that what cannot be shaken may remain. Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe, for our ‘God is a consuming fire’.”
Hebrews 12: 25-29
Far too many Christians have forgotten that we are foreigners and travellers on this Earth. (1 Peter 2: 11). A foreigner is a person without the nationality of the country he resides in. He is different from autochthons by his different way of life. In the same way, true Christians are not of this world, but citizens of heavens. (Philippians 3: 20). A passenger is a person in transit who has no intention of making the place he crosses his home. A pilgrim is he who doesn’t rest as long as he sees the accomplishment of his final objective: reaching the heavenly Jerusalem for us, Christians. Also, remember that Abraham, instead of building huge houses, despite his considerable treasures, had preferred to live in tents because he was waiting “For he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God.” Hebrews 11: 10
I am so saddened to meet thousands of Christians conformed to this century, who forget that the goods of this world are futile and that one day they will be consumed by fire. Many have lost the first disciples’ simplicity and the power to resist against the desires of the flesh that make war to the soul.
“Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For everything in the world—the cravings of sinful man, the lust of his eyes and the boasting of what he has and does–comes not from the Father but from the world. The world and its desires pass away, but the man who does the will of God lives forever.” 1 John 2: 15-17
The verb ‘to love’ used in this passage is the Greek word ‘agapao’ which, generally speaking, means divine love. Unfortunately, many Christians have already abandoned the true adoration that God deserves, for the benefit of this world. The situation is terribly sad.
“Dear friends, I urge you, as aliens and strangers in the world, to abstain from sinful desires, which war against your soul.” 1 Peter 2: 11

The word ‘war’ used in this verse is ‘strateuome’ in Greek and reminds us of the word ‘strategy’ which means ‘to organise a military expedition, to rule soldiers into war or into battle’. Too many Christians fall in the trap of commercial advertisements that urge them to fulfil needs or desires, thus make them slaves of the society of consumption.
How many are therefore dependent on: T.V., plasma screens, mobile phones, luxury cars, design clothes, while Yeshoua gave us a perfect example of such a simple life?
Try to remember the story of the rich man and of the poor Lazarus from Luke 16: 19-31. The first one has lived his entire life in opulence and luxury, caring neither for God nor for his neighbour. He loved the world and its uncertain riches more than God. After his death, he saw himself in hell without his richness-1 Timothy 6: 7 and Jacob 5: 1-3. Regarding Lazarus, this man has lived modestly and in fear of the Lord, always recognising that he was both a foreigner and a traveller on earth. At his death, he was consoled and reached heaven.
This parable must make us question the way we live in this present age. Let us understand that the earth with all its beautiful things will be destroyed. By the way we can already see the seeds of this future annihilation. I remind you the last tsunami that hit Japan in March 2011. All the ingenious infrastructures that this nation has prided itself were not able to resist against the force of nature/water.
We often talk about faith in God without really knowing what this really implies.
“All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance. And they admitted that they were strangers and travellers on earth. People who say such things show that they are looking for a country of their own. If they had been thinking of the country they had left, they would have had opportunity to return. Instead, they were longing for a better country–a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for he has prepared a city for them.”
Hebrews 11: 13-16
This chapter 11, from the book of Hebrews describes the way of life of those men and women who have indeed a true faith in Y.H.W.H./Yeshoua. The Bible tells us that these people:
– recognise they are foreigners and travellers on this earth;
– look for a celestial country;

THE BIBLICAL PROPHECY- The War between the 2 Posterities -Part 6

However, nowadays, in Israel, there still exist a rest of sincere people, fearing God that really hope in the return of theocracy. Therefore, to these people God has made the promise of restoring theocracy.
“‘See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then
suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,’ says the Lord Almighty.”
Malachi 3: 1
“Lift up your heads, O you gates; be lifted up, you ancient doors, that the
King of glory may come in. Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle. Lift up your heads, O you gates; lift them up, you ancient doors that the King of glory may come in. Who is he, this King of glory? The Lord Almighty- he is the King of glory. Selah.” Psalm 24: 7-10
The Jews during Jesus believed that Messiah will restore the terrestrial kingdom at His first coming (Luke 19: 37-38 That is why the disciples were fighting between themselves because they wanted to know who was the greatest of them all; Jacob and John asked their mother to ask Jesus for important positions in His Kingdom. Indeed, even John the Baptist was perplexed as he too had hoped to be freed from jail he was in and where he saw no kingdom coming.
”He sent them to the Lord to ask: ’Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else?’ When the men came to Jesus, they said: ‘John the Baptist sent us to you to ask, ‘Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else’?” Luke 7: 19-20
“They stood still, their faces downcast. One of them, named Cleopas, asked
Him: ‘Are you only a visitor to Jerusalem and do not know the things that have happened there in these days’? ‘What things? ‘he asked. ‘About Jesus of Nazareth,’ they replied. ‘He was a prophet, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people. The chief priests and our rulers handed him over to be sentenced to death, and they crucified him; but we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. And what is more, it is the third day since all this took place.”
Luke 24: 18-21
The prophets had in fact announced the eternal kingdom of Messiah over Israel, but the disciples didn’t understand the stages of God’s plan/design. In fact, Christ had to come at first to suffer our redemption and afterwards, during His 2nd coming, for the judgement of nations and for establishing theocracy. That is why Jesus had to clear things after His resurrection for 40 days while He stayed to teach them things about God’s kingdom. Nevertheless let us notice
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that they haven’t received the answer they were expecting regarding the precise moment Israel was about to be restored; the Lord’s answer is according to His teaching because the restoration of the Jewish nation is part of God’s secret. Regarding this subject, the apostle Paul tells us in Romans 11: 25 that Israel’s hardening (the rejection of Messiah by the Hebrew nation) is a mystery.
In conclusion contrary to some teachings the Church is not the revival instrument for the Jewish people because, according to the Biblical prophecies, Messiah Himself will do it at His visible return on Earth. – 2 pages above Zechariah 12:10-14
“I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of
the Gentiles has come in. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: « The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob. And this is my covenant with them when I take away their sins.” Romans 11: 25-27
In 1948, there has been nevertheless a partial restoration of the Hebrew nation at the creation, at that time, of the Israel state as a sovereign country, thus confirming the Biblical prophecies and especially Isaiah 66: 7-9. But the real restoration implies the return of God’s glory (meaning the national conversion, the recognition by all Jews of Jesus as the Messiah and the King, the restoration of the old administrative form of governing: the theocracy – Isaiah 1: 26; Isaiah 2) which will all become real only at Jesus-Christ’s visible return. Only God knows the date- the hour and the day- of this event. Nevertheless, this shouldn’t stop us from evangelising Jews. (Matthew 28: 18-20).
The Resurrection of Saints living before Jesus-Christ and those alive during the Great Tribulation
All believers that lived before the first coming of Jesus will be resurrected at the 2nd visible coming of Jesus-Christ. In fact, the 1st phase of the 1st resurrection regards entirely the Church (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17). The 2nd phase of the 1st resurrection regards the saints who lived before the Church’s age and those of the Great Tribulation.
“I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or his image and had not received his mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ 1,000 years.”
Revelation 20: 4
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This passage confirms that the dead before the dispensation/ the grace will resurrect after the Great Tribulation, after Israel’s restoration. All these stages accomplished, Jesus/ Yeshoua will then restore His millennium.
4)
The Millennium and its different interpretations
(Zechariah 8) Lord Jesus-Christ will reign over the earth for 1,000 years with His Church, with the saints from the Great Tribulation and with Israel – all unified in a single body. To better understand the millennium, we have to turn to Adam and Eve who died of their disobedience. According to Scriptures, they haven’t lived more than a day, meaning no more than 1,000 years. Indeed, the Word says that a day is equal to 1,000 years and 1,000 years are worth a day. (Psalm 90; 2 Peter 3: 8). Thus, we understand that in order to reach eternity, we have to live more than a day, more than 1,000 years. Methuselah’s days were 969 years. – Genesis 5: 27 He needed only 31 years to reach 1,000 years or in other words, eternity. Due to the fact that the first Adam had failed his mission, God has sent Jesus, the last Adam, so that all humanity who trusts in Him enters eternity. (1 Corinthians 15: 45-47).
The promise for millennium had been given to David in 2 Samuel 7: 14-16, when God promised him to enforce his throne forever. So, Christ, David’s posterity by flesh (Romans 1: 3) will establish the future kingdom based on his alliance, his covenant with king David. It will be God’s governing over Earth or the restoration of theocracy. (Isaiah 2)
While he was in Babylon, the prophet Daniel received great revelations regarding the setting up of the Messianic kingdom.
“In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever. This is the meaning of the vision of the rock cut out of a mountain, but not by human hands-a rock that broke the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold to pieces. « The great God has shown the king what will take place in the future. The dream is true and the interpretation is trustworthy. » Daniel 2: 44-45
Compared to other prophecies, this passage states the age when the millennium kingdom will be established. It will be during ‘the time of these kings’, in other words during the Beast’s reign of Revelation 13: 1-10, which will be helped by 10 horns or 10 kings/presidents (Daniel 7: 24-27), the equivalent of 10 toes of Nebuchadnezzar’s statue. (Daniel chap. 2)
These 10 kings didn’t exist 2,000 years ago at Lord’s first coming. During the Roman Empire these 10 horns represented the 10 Germanic tribes.
“In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was
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led into his presence. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.” Daniel 7: 13-14. Here Messiah, along with all saints, is invested with the millennium reign on earth.
“In the last days the mountain of the Lord ‘s temple will be established as
chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and peoples will stream to it. Many nations will come and say: ’Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord , to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.’ The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. Every man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig tree, and no one will make them afraid, for the Lord Almighty has spoken. All the nations may walk in the name of their gods; we will walk in the name of the Lord our God forever and ever. ’In that day,’ declares the Lord, ‘I will gather the lame; I will assemble the exiles and those I have brought to grief. I will make the lame a remnant, those driven away a strong nation. The Lord will rule over them in Mount Zion from that day and forever. As for you, O watchtower of the flock, O stronghold of the Daughter of Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you; kingship will come to the Daughter of Jerusalem.” Mica 4: 1-8 (see also Isaiah 2)
During His millennium reign, the Lord will restore the theocratic government in Israel. “I will restore your judges as in days of old, your counsellors as at the beginning. Afterward you will be called the City of Righteousness, the Faithful City. ».” Isaiah 1: 26
Like in the garden of Eden, all animals will eat grass and there will be no enmity between them: “The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them. The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. The infant will play near the hole of the cobra, and the young child put his hand into the viper’s nest. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.” Isaiah 11: 6-9
All nations will go up each year to Jerusalem to worship Y.H.W.H. and to celebrate the feast of tabernacle which will be then restored. (Zechariah 14).
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As we have already noticed, the millennium reign had been promised to king David and his posterity (2 Samuel 7: 14-17). Later, it has also been proclaimed by John the Baptist (Matthew 3: 1-12), by Jesus the Messiah (Matthew 4: 17) and by the disciples and apostles (Matthew 10) as being near. Nowadays, God’s kingdom manifests itself through the sanctified life of all saints in Christ (Luke 17: 20; John 3: 1-8; Romans 14: 17) and doesn’t hit the eye, because it will be seen only after the ‘harvest’ or after the judgement of nations (Matthew 13: 39-43, 49-50).
Only after the harvest, the kingdom will be truly restored here on earth, when Messiah will re-establish the monarchy/David’s dynasty in His own person. Then, He will gather all children of Israel spread all over the planet and will re-establish His domination over the whole wide earth for 1,000 years.
This kingdom will be offered to the Father by messiah after He will defeat the last enemy: the death (1 Corinthians 15: 24-26). Therefore, nobody will know death during the millennium.
According to the parable of the poles from Luke 19: 11-27, there are those saints with lots of fruits from their gifts and ministries. These ones will receive authority to govern cities in the millennium kingdom and will have positions similar to those of Israel’s judges (Isaiah 1: 26). Thus, some will rule 3 cities, some 5 or some, even whole dozens.
In conclusion, stay strong in witnessing your faith in Jesus.
During the millennium, there will be 3 types of believers:

On one hand, the Christians of the raptured Church who are resurrected and returned on earth in glorious bodies (1 Corinthians 15: 40-57). They will look like angels because they will be asexual; so, amongst these saints, there will be neither man nor female (Galatians 3: 28) and for this reason they will not multiply. (Luke 20: 27-38)

On the other hand, there will be the saints of Israel resurrected before the time of grace and those who entered the millennium kingdom alive.

Finally, there will be the men converted during the great tribulation (both categories: resurrected and alive) Matthew 25: 31-40. Those who would have never known resurrection will continue to have kids, too and these kids will be those who, during the millennium, will have to face the snake’s seduction after these 1,000 of jail time for satan. (Revelation20: 7-10)
Those 4 different types of millennium
We have seen in the previous pages that the Church is not destined to suffer the future wrath. Jesus-Christ will rapture her before that time in the same way He kept Israel safe during the 10 plagues against Egypt. (1 Thessalonians 5: 9).
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Nevertheless, because of the confusion that exists in the Evangelical culture regarding the Church’s place during the great tribulation, I stop and talk beneath about the different interpretations of the millennium.
“I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony for Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or his image and had not received his mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ 1,000 years. (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the 1,000 years were ended.) This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy are those who have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years. When the 1,000 years are over, satan will be released from his prison.” Revelation 20: 4-8a
This passage talks about the persons that will live and reign with Christ during 1,000-year period. The controversial/divergent interpretations of this paragraph gave birth to 4 types of schools regarding the millennium.
1)
A-millennium
Augustin d’Hippone (beginning of 5th century) was the father of this doctrine later adopted by the Roman Catholicism. This is the current position of the Reformat and Lutheran Church.
For the a-millennists, the millennium corresponds to the present domination of Christ in heaven over the dead faithful souls. In their opinion, there is no visible reign of Christ on earth before the future eternity. The number 1,000 is symbolic and doesn’t mean the exact duration of 1,000 years. Thus, Jesus-Christ’s return will happen after the millennium. Of time, including the great tribulation will take place before the Lord’s return which will happen in one phase. Therefore, Lord’s visible return on earth will take place immediately after ‘His return into air’ with the faithful and those resurrected (the rapture). After this, while the rest of the people will resurrect for the last judgement, the believers will forever rejoice of the blessings through a new sky and a new earth.
This point of view is in disagreement Scriptures which clearly state that Lord Jesus-Christ will reign for 1,000 on Earth together with His beforehand raptured Church. In addition, we must know that Augustin d’Hippone, like most of the church fathers were anti-Semitic. Following their own interpretation of this Biblical prophecy, they have completely forgot the major role the Jewish nation plays in the ‘eschartic’ (in Greek) or ‘acharith’ (in Hebrew) signs, meaning in the signs of the end time. In their view, all prophecies concerning this people are attributed to the Church now as she has replaced Israel. But what
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credit can we give this Biblical interpretation while these persons were animated by such hate towards the Jews?
2)
Post-Millennium
Post-Millennium is undoubtedly the least famous position. This theory has appeared in the 17th century thanks to the Dutch Reformat theologian Johannes Koch and thus, it has been approved by some Reformat and Baptist churches.
For the post-millennium people, the millennium would come on Earth before Jesus-Christ’s return thanks to some progresses made into the preaching of the Gospel (both for Jews and Christians alike). Therefore, in their opinion, Jesus-Christ and the Christians are already on the way to reign on earth. Generally speaking, the Post-millennium supporters consider that the great tribulation and the apostasy have already passed and that the world will end one day by Christianising the entire world, which will thus end a long period of peace, justice and prosperity (1,000 years in a symbolic sense), when the principles of faith and Christian morale would be universally accepted.
Nevertheless, they contradict themselves by stating that naturally, not all the people would become authentic and that evil will be reduced to its minimal expression. Finally, Jesus’ return would be followed immediately by all people’s resurrection, by the last judgement and by the appearance of a new sky and a new earth. In conclusion, they assimilate the first cup rider from Revelation 6: 1-2 to Christ and the world conquering by His Ekklesia and by the Gospel, when in reality it is about antichrist. Surely Jesus-Christ has already won the battle 2,000 years ago and He doesn’t go as conqueror to win again (John 16: 33). Also, His weapon is the sword of the Word and not the arch (Revelation 19: 15).
For the partisans of this doctrine, the Church’s rapture will not take place because she is charged to establish Y.H.W.H.’s kingdom here on earth. Some go even further and form political parties in the hope of instituting the millennium through the power of ballot boxes; that is how far this false interpretation of the Biblical prophecy goes! It is only a utopia, a pure illusion because only God is able to install universal peace. (Acts 1: 3-8; 3: 19-21) By the way, the a-millennium thinkers also defend this doctrine of replacing Israel with the Church.
The Historic Pre-Millennium
The doctrine of the historic pre-millennium has turned up in the 2nd century and was introduced by some church fathers such as Papias, Justin the Martyr, Irene, Tertullian etc.). This is the official position of the Mennonite Church and of that
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of the Salvation Army Church and also of a considerable number of theologians of different protestant denominations.
All pre-millennium believers think that Jesus-Christ’s return will precede the millennium. Therefore, the millennium is going to happen between Jesus’ coming and the introduction of future eternity. Nevertheless, there are 2 types, quite different of pre-millennium: the historic one and the one based on dispensation (that revolves around grace).

3)Pre-Millennium believers of historic type
Its supporters believe that before Christ return there will be: the nations’ evangelisation, the apostasy and the antichrist’s appearance and of course later the great tribulation. (That is why they are also called post-tribulationists.) They also believe it very probable if not certain that Israel will return in his country according to the Old Testament prophecies, fact recognised also by the a-millennists and post-millennists for which however Israel has replaced the Church in God’s design. Israel’s return in his land must have taken place before the Lord’s return, but the historic pre-millennnists are divided regarding the Jews ‘conversion foretold by Romans 11. (Some believe this will happen before, some say immediately after Christ’s return).
Christ’s return is understood as a single phase, which is completely false. The Lord will return firstly for His Bride and later, after 7 years He will come in a visible way on Earth (not seen only on the clouds- n.tr.) for the Israel.

4)Pre-millennists of dispensionist / grace type
This current has developed during the 18th century by J.N. Darby and his position is the apostles’ position; apostle Paul’s included and also my own, too.
God used Darby to bring light into truths concerning the millennium, truths that satan kept hidden for a long time.
The dispensionism is determined by 2 main principles:
– The literal interpretation of the prophecy: all prophecies regarding Christ’s return and those concerning end times (the apostasy, the great tribulation, Christ’s visible return, the restoration of Israel, the last judgement…)
– The fundamental and permanent distinction between Israel and the Church

God/Y.H.W.H. has 2 purposes: a terrestrial one with Israel and a celestial one with Ekklezia – she contains herself a number of Jews converted to Christianity. The prophecies of the Old Testament concern only Israel and not at all the Church, which is a bracket that nothing could foretell, a special dispensation in the history of salvation; so as a consequence the dispensionists claim that these
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prophecies will not be able to come to pass but after the Church’s time, in a different kind of grace/dispensation that will follow, that of the Kingdom which corresponds with the millennium –the time that precedes Christ’s return on earth.
So, the dispensationists take the Old Testament prophecies regarding the establishment of Israel’s Kingdom and interpret them literally. It is important for us Christians to understand that God has not rejected or abandoned His nation Israel. Israel’s return in his country is on its way, so Christ’s reign is over the Jewish kingdom during the millennium.
During the first coming of Jesus-Christ on earth, the Lord offered Jews both a terrestrial kingdom and a spiritual one (where people enter through repentance and faith John 3). This offer being rejected, Yeshoua established His Church, a hidden mystery until now or a bracket that put an end for a while to Y.H.W.H.’s plan for Israel, design which will nevertheless be fulfilled during Jesus’s second coming on earth.

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4)
The 7 Cups Full of God’s Wrath
In the Bible, bowls or cups, like we call them today represent the judgement when they regard God or the seduction when they talk about Babylon.
“After this I looked and in heaven the temple, that is, the tabernacle of the
Testimony was opened. Out of the temple came the 7angels with the 7 plagues. They were dressed in clean, shining linen and wore golden sashes around their chests. Then one of the 4 living creatures gave to the 7angels 7 golden bowls filled with the wrath of God, who lives for ever and ever. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from his power, and no one could enter the temple until the seven plagues of the 7 angels were completed.” Revelation 15: 5-8
During the Great Tribulation, the 7 angels will tip over the 7 cups of Y.H.W.H.’s wrath over the entire kingdom of the impious man and over all his worshippers. These scourges are similar to those that hit Egypt during Moses’ time.
“Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, ‘Go, pour out the 7 bowls of God’s wrath on the earth.’ The 1st angel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly and painful sores broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and worshiped his image.
The 2nd angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead man, and every living thing in the sea died.
The 3rd angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they
became blood. Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: ‘You are just in these judgments, you who are and who were, the Holy One, because you have so judged; for they have shed the blood of your saints and prophets, and you have given them blood to drink as they deserve.’ And I heard the altar respond: ‘Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and just are your judgments.’
The 4th angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was given power to
scorch people with fire. They were seared by the intense heat and they cursed the name of God, who had control over these plagues, but they refused to repent and glorify him.
The 5th angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was plunged into darkness. Men gnawed their tongues in agony and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.
The 6th angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates and its waters were dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. Then I saw three evil spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. They are
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spirits of demons performing miraculous signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty ‘Behold, I come like a thief! Blessed is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes with him, so that he may not go naked and be shamefully exposed.’ Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.
The 7th angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, ‘It is done!’ Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since man has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. From the sky huge hailstones of about 100 pounds each fell upon men. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible.” Revelation 16
The 1st cup: ugly and painful ulcer
“The 1stangel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly and painful sores broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and worshiped his image.” Revelation 16: 2
“‘Skin for skin!’ Satan replied. ‘A man will give all he has for his own life. But stretch out your hand and strike his flesh and bones, and he will surely curse you to your face.’ The Lord said to Satan, ‘Very well, then, he is in your hands; but you must spare his life.’ So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and afflicted Job with painful sores from the soles of his feet to the top of his head. Then Job took a piece of broken pottery and scraped himself with it as he sat among the ashes. His wife said to him: ‘Are you still holding on to your integrity? Curse God and die’!” Job 2: 4-9
“Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, ‘Pray to the Lord to take the frogs away from me and my people, and I will let your people go to offer sacrifices to the Lord.’ Moses said to Pharaoh: ‘I leave to you the honour of setting the time for me to pray for you and your officials and your people that you and your houses may be rid of the frogs, except for those that remain in the Nile.’ ‘Tomorrow,’ Pharaoh said. Moses replied, ‘It will be as you say, so that you may know there is no one like the Lord our God. The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials and your people they will remain only in the Nile’.” Exodus 9: 8-11
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An ulcer is a malign scourge that usually makes terrifying progress despite all remedies opposed to it. It causes the eating of the flesh and open wounds stuck to the skin. Remember that the Egyptians and Job were touched by this disease.
The 2nd cup: the sea transformed into blood
“The 2nd angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead man, and every living thing in the sea died.” Revelation 16: 3
“The Lord said to Moses: ‘Tell Aaron: <Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt-over the streams and canals, over the ponds and
all the reservoirs’-and they will turn to blood. Blood will be everywhere in Egypt, even in the wooden buckets and stone jars.>’Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord had commanded. He raised his staff in the presence of Pharaoh and his officials and struck the water of the Nile, and all the water was changed into
blood. The fish in the Nile died, and the river smelled so bad that the Egyptians could not drink its water. Blood was everywhere in Egypt. But the Egyptian magicians did the same things by their secret arts, and Pharaoh’s heart became hard; he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the Lord had said.”
Exodus 7: 19-22
The 3rd cup: the streams transformed into blood
“The 3rd angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say: ‘You are just in these judgments, you who are and who were, the Holy One, because you have so judged; for they have shed the blood of your saints and prophets, and you have given them blood to drink as they deserve.’ And I heard the altar respond: ‘Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and just are your judgments’.” Revelation 16: 4-7 and above: Exodus 7: 19-22
The 4th cup: an extreme heatwave
“The 4th angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was given power to scorch people with fire. They were seared by the intense heat and they cursed the name of God, who had control over these plagues, but they refused to repent and glorify him.” Revelation 16: 8-9
During the first 15 days of August 2003, France was hit by an unprecedented heatwave, bigger than that of 1947. Beginning with the 3rd of August, it reached very high temperatures: most part of the French territory had over 35°C while for no less than 10 days there was even over 40°C. During 1-20 Aug. 2003, due to this heatwave, more than 15.000 persons died, amongst which half of them were over 85 years old.
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The beast’s worshippers will suffer a bigger heat that that of 1003. The climate control will not help stop this furnace.
The 5th cup: darkness over the Beast’s throne
“The 5th angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was plunged into darkness. Men gnawed their tongues in agony and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.” Revelation 16: 10-11
“Then the Lord said to Moses: ‘Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that
darkness will spread over Egypt darkness that can be felt.’ So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days. No one could see anyone else or leave his place for three days. Yet all
the Israelites had light in the places where they lived. Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said: ‘Go, worship the Lord. Even your women and children may go with you; only leave your flocks and herds behind. »” Exodus 10: 21-24
The Lord has taken me one day in spirit and showed me the Earth from space. Darkness was so deep that no artificial light produced by men was able to penetrate it. Not even the Sun‘s light was to be seen, that is how weak it was. Nevertheless, I could see dots of sparkles all over the Globe – they were Christians faithful to the Lord during that harsh time!
The 6th cup: Euphrates dried up
“The 6th angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates and its waters were dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East.” Revelation 16: 12-17
The Euphrates is a river that begins to flow from Turkey; it crosses Syria and Iraq and then connects in Iran to another affluent.
The 7th cup: Babylon’s destruction, the end of nations’ times
(Jeremiah 51, Revelation 18)
“The 7th angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, ‘It is done!’ Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since man has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. From the sky huge hailstones of about 100 pounds each fell upon men. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible.” Revelation 16: 17-21
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The verb ‘collapse’ in this passage is ‘pipto’ in Greek and means ‘to descend from a high place towards a lower level, to lose its authority or to have left without power’. Jeremiah’s prophecies regarding Babylon’s destruction will be fulfilled at the end of time during Messiah’s return on Earth. (Jeremiah 51)
“Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” Luke 21: 24b
The nations’ times correspond to this long period in the human history started with the Judah’s captivity in Babylon in 586 B.C. and will end with the destruction of Nebuchadnezzar’s statue which represent in fact the worldly political powers. (Daniel 2:31). This destruction will take place due to shockwave produced by the stone detached ‘without the help of any hand’- Daniel 2: 34-35; 44.It is obvious this regards the return of Lord Jesus-Christ in all His Glory/Shekinah (Revelation 19: 11, 21).
“Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by. See, the Lord is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will disclose the blood shed upon her; she will conceal her slain no longer.” Isaiah 26: 20-21
The judgement imposed by the 7 cups, also called Y.H.W.H.’s wrath doesn’t regard the Church/ Ekklesia. The Lord will hide His people, He will lift up into the sky and then He will judge the Beast’s kingdom. In fact, it is important to know by all the saints that they are not called to suffer these scourges: “They tell how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead–Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath.” 1 Thessalonians 1: 9-10
“For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.” 1 Thessalonians 5:9
Despite all these cups poured out over the evil one‘s kingdom, people (those persons signed with her mark) will keep on refusing repentance, which will thus push them to commit the unforgivable sign: the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit (Revelation 16: 10-11).
“After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands. And they cried out in a loud voice: ‘Salvation belongs to our God, who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb.’ All the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the 4 living creatures. They fell down on their faces before the throne and worshiped God,
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saying: ‘Amen! Praise and glory and wisdom and thanks and honour and power and strength be to our God for ever and ever. Amen!’ Then one of the elders asked me: ‘These in white robes–who are they, and where did they come from?’ I answered: ‘Sir, you know.’ And he said, « These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore, ‘they are before the throne of God and serve him day and night in his temple; and he who sits on the throne will spread his tent over them. Never again will they hunger; never again will they thirst. The sun will not beat upon them, nor any scorching heat. For the Lamb at the centre of the throne will be their shepherd; he will lead them to springs of living water. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes’.” Revelation 7: 9-17
Therefore, they will remain untouched, as stone, by the call for the repentance made by God’s servants and especially preached by His 2 prophets described in revelation chapter 11. It is highly probable that certain persons will refuse the mark of the impious man because they will convert to Lord Yeshoua and though the Holy Spirit will start a big revival during the great tribulation; nevertheless, this fact won’t stop the beginning of World War III.
5)
The Armageddon War
”In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and
Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will enter into judgment against them concerning my inheritance, my people Israel, for they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land. They cast lots for my people and traded boys for prostitutes; they sold girls for wine that they might drink. ‘Now what have you against me, O, Tyre and Sidon and all you regions of Philistia? Are you repaying me for something I have done? If you are paying me back, I will swiftly and speedily return on your own heads what you have done. For you took my silver and my gold and carried off my finest treasures to your
Temple’.” Joel 3: 1-5
“I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city. Then the Lord will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of battle.” Zechariah 14: 2-3
”’When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know
that its desolation is near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those in the city get out, and let those in the country not
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enter the city. For this is the time of punishment in fulfilment of all that has been written. How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! There will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people. They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea’ ” Luke 21: 20-25
Jesus’ prophecy in the book of Luke 21:20-25had to happen in 2 stages. The first stage took place in the year 70d.H. when the Roman army attacked Jerusalem causing the Jews’ exile between nations and the 2nd phase will be fulfilled during the great tribulation on the day the nations led by the beast will attack Jerusalem.
“How awful that day will be! None will be like it. It will be a time of trouble for Jacob, but he will be saved out of it.” Jeremiah 30: 7
Although, in the past, the Jews was fought by the snake’s posterity (nations such as: Egypt, Assyria, Canaan, Babylon, Rome …), during the 4th empire they will be much worse persecuted – until Messiah‘s return on Earth.
The Swedish Alfred Nobel has left an inheritance of almost 32 million of crowns at his death. He gathered this fortune thanks to his invention: the dynamite. In fact, his will, which is supposed to have been written in 27.11.1895 in the Swedish-Norwegian club from Paris didn’t mention any money for his direct successors, but asked the creation of an institution charged with the yearly awarding of those people who bring great services to humanity, thus allowing through their research and work the considerable amelioration and the progress in science and culture- fields divided into 5 disciplines: peace/diplomacy, literature, chemistry, psychology/medicine and physics.
Despite this institution, it is weird to find out that great scientists who received the Noble Prize have had a role to play in building weapons. Funny way in serving humanity! So far, since World War II there have been recorded more than 20 local wars, more than 46 political assassinates, 50 personal rebellions, 80 revolts for independence, more than 200 social, political, racial and religious revolutions.
I also must mention that the future World War III can’t be prevented because man’s heart is evil, only God can change it when this first one has the desire to have it transformed (to be at His disposal). Despite the fact that since the beginning of history men have looked for peace, wars had always been their
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inheritance (Jeremiah 6: 14). This fact shouldn’t surprise us because the demons are behind the armies of this world.
The Euphrates leaves from Turkey, crosses Iraqand flows into the Indian Ocean.
The drying up of Euphrates will allow the world armies to attack Israel: “The 6th angel poured out his bowl on great river Euphrates and its waters were dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. Then I saw three evil spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. They are spirits of demons performing miraculous signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty. ‘Behold, I come like a thief! Blessed is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes with him, so that he may not go naked and be shamefully exposed.’ Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.” Revelation 16: 12-16
“At the time of the end the king of the South will engage him in battle and the king of the North will storm out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood.” Daniel 11: 40
The king of South is the chief of the Egyptian state and it is written that he will fight against the impious man (‘will engage him in battle).
The characters from this passage are easily identifiable. So, there will be an African-Arabic led by Egypt (the king of South) which will organise an invasion against Israel. The Northern king (Russia and China) will drop on him (over the impious man) like a storm, with chariots (motorised army)and cavalry of almost 200 million soldiers according to Revelation 9: 13-16 and with other numerous vassals. Russia and its allies will launch an invasion over the Middle East – territory Russia wished for since Napoleon.
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Let us also notice that the book of Ezekiel chapter 38 describes almost 26 centuries before this displacement of the great Russian force and also its plan of attack against Israel: “So I prophesied as I was commanded. And as I was prophesying, there was a noise, a rattling sound, and the bones came together, bone to bone. I looked, and tendons and flesh appeared on them and skin covered them, but there was no breath in them. Then he said to me, « Prophesy to the breath; prophesy, son of man, and say to it, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe into these slain, that they may live.’ So I prophesied as he commanded me, and breath entered them; they came to life and stood up on their feet-a vast army. Then he said to me: ‘Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. They say, ‘Our bones are dried up and our hope is gone; we are cut off.’ Therefore prophesy and say to them: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: <O, my people, I am going to open your graves and bring you up from them; I will bring you back to the land of Israel>’.” Ezekiel 38: 7-12
From this passage, Israel’s future richness is to be believed:” [properties]”. Nowadays, there is enough gas trapped between the unending cliffs of Israel to power the geo-thermic energy for many countries’ electricity. Plus, one of the most important minerals lying on the bottom of the Dead Sea is potassium, as powerful fertiliser. In the future, this element will become vital for food. In conclusion, we understand that these riches will determine Russia and its allies to attack Israel.
One of the main factors in the Middle East conflict was the threat with the Russian intervention. This threat has stopped Israel to completely exploit its success from 1956 following the Sinai War. In 29 Oct. 1956, the Israeli army has started the conquest of Sinai Mountain and reached the km 30 by the Channel, but the next day the British and the French launched an ultimatum to Israel and Egypt, asking them to withdraw up to km 16 on both sides of the Channel. Israel has accepted unlike Nasser Arafat. Tsahal (the Egyptian president) continued his advance in Sinai and occupied. The disorganised Egyptians fled leaving tons of material that Israel later recuperated. On the 3rd of Nov. 1956, U.N.O voted an immediate cease of fire. While Ben Gurion slowed the advancement of the Israelite army at km 15 by the Channel, the Egyptians continued their progression up to Sharm-El Cheikn. On the 5th of Nov., the British and the French reached the harbour Port Said and so, Israel accepted the cease of fire. As a reaction, the ex-U.R.S.S. through Nikolai Bulganin, threatened Israel violently:’ The Israel Government plays dangerously with his future’ and sent planes into Syria and submarines in the Mediterranean Sea.
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On the other hand, U.S.A. too put pressure on Israel to retreat from Sinai. The cease of fire was imposed on Israel right when the Egyptian army was on the verge of surrender. In fact, Russia was deeply engaged in supporting the Arab countries as guaranty of keeping her domination. But, according to the prophecies, Russia will be excluded from taking part into the affairs of Middle East and will use military force to have an impact in the region.
In the same way, U.S.A., at present Israel’s ally, will join the Western countries. The armies resulted from the union between The Arab Confederation the Black Africa will be neutralised by Russia and her allies. Nevertheless, the Russian powers and their allies will be annihilated and only 2 big blocks will be left to fight the final battle of Armageddon: the Occidental powers led by a Roman dictator or by the Impious Man on one side and the sea of Oriental Army led by China on the other side. (They will fight for the world supremacy but there will be only one official religion according to the Bible-n.tr.).
The Chinese will lead this great Eastern army and will take advantage of the Middle East chaos to go and fight against the Beast for the Earth supremacy. Their army will number almost 200 million soldiers. (Revelation 9: 16).
The Euphrates will empty the 6th cup, which will allow the Chinese to easily penetrate ‘the holy land.
The fall of demons
“Immediately after the distress of those days, ‘the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken’.” Matthew 24: 29
“And the stars in the sky fell to earth, as late figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind.” Revelation 6: 13
“The 3rdangel sounded his trumpet, and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water-the name of the star is Wormwood. A 3rd of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters that had become bitter.” Revelation 8: 10-11
As you well know, in the Bible, the word ‘sea’ (‘thalassa’ in Greek) represents the disorganised world, nations without Y.H.W.H.. The bitter waters are a symbol for the Word of God. Remember the story of Elisha from 2 Kings 2: 15-22. The waters of Jericho River were bitter and the prophet Elisha made them well again by dropping salt into them. We notice in fact that the world is in
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chaos and that the waters, meaning the word preached in many churches are bitter nowadays. By the way, God tells us in Amos 8: 11 that He will send a famine over the whole country:”
“The 5thangel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth. The star was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss. When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss. And out of the smoke locusts came down upon the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth.” Revelation 9: 1-3
“Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with 7 heads and 10 horns and 7 crowns on his heads. His tail swept a 3rd of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth. The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that he might devour her child the moment it was born.” Revelation 12: 3-4
“And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. The great dragon was hurled down-that ancient serpent called the devil, or satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him. Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: ‘Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ. For the accuser of our brothers, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down. They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death. Therefore rejoice you heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has gone down to you! He is filled with fury, because he knows that his time is short.’ When the dragon saw that he had been hurled to the earth, he pursued the woman who who had given birth to the male child.” Revelation 12: 7-13
In these passages, the stars represent the fallen angels (the devils)that will be chased away from heaven (the 1st sky, the visible one) by the angel Michael and his angels ( Revelation 12).
These demons will fight the saints and Jews and afterwards, they will travel the nations in order to enrol and prepare them for the battle of Armageddon.
“They are spirits of demons performing miraculous signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty. ‘Behold, I come like a thief! Blessed is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes with him, so that he may not go naked and be shamefully
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exposed.’ Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.” Revelation 16: 14-16
According to the Biblical prophecies, the last world war will be organised by: the dragon, the beast and the false prophet. This diabolic trinity will prepare the nations for the attack against the Woman’s posterity, which are the Jews that wait for the Messiah. The ancient snake is animated by such a hate towards the Israeli – hate that has always been manifested through (undeserved) acts of violence against the Jews. With antichrist as their leader, all nations (Western and Eastern camps alike) will fight against the chosen nation of Israel and therefore, this conflict will spread over the whole world.
The plan for this 3rd world war (conflict inspired by unclean demons coming out of the false prophet’s mouth, from the beast’s mouth and also from that of the dragon’s – Revelation 16: 12-14) has as foundation the instrumenting of the Israeli-Arab conflict’s intensification.
The Origin of the Israeli- Palestinian Troubles
On the 2nd of Nov. 1917, during full world war, the British minister of Foreign Affairs Lord Balfour printed a letter where he indicated to his government to create in Palestine ‘a Jewish national foyer’.
In 14 May 1948, 30 years later, the Jews have officially restored their nation in Palestine. Nevertheless, without knowing, they have thus created an unimaginable problem by chasing the Arabs away from the land they were living for centuries. No man can or will be able to convince these nations to stop hostilities.
The Hebrews will never be convinced to leave their country given to them by Y.H.W.H. and on which concerns the Arabs, they also refuse to accept the Jewish occupation over their territory which they consider their own country. The crisis in the Middle East will continue to escalate in a future world war.
If another world war starts today, with all the nuclear, chemical, biological, atomic weapons man possesses today, the Earth will be destroyed with a power of 30 times bigger than Hiroshima’s bomb. And the entire Palestine zone being like a barrel full of gunpowder, all can happen in any moment now.
According to Scripture, the nations will gather for ‘the battle of the great Day of the Lord’. The armies of the whole wide world will confront each other in a place called in Hebrew: ‘Armageddon’: “The 6th angel poured out his bowl on great river Euphrates and its waters were dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. Then I saw three evil spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. They are spirits of demons performing miraculous
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signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty.
‘Behold, I come like a thief! Blessed is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes with him, so that he may not go naked and be shamefully exposed.’ Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.” Revelation 16: 12-16
Armageddon is a Hebrew expression formed of the word ‘arm’=’mountain’ and the word ‘meguiddo’which indicates a locality in the North of Palestine. The Mountain of Megiddo is a little hill situated near the Mediterranean Sea and towers the valley leading to east. This depression long of almost 23 km and wide of approximately 35 km will be the desired strategy point for the armies during the final battle of the World War III.
Then the snake’s hate for the Woman’s posterity will reach the climax. Fortunately, these days will be shorten because of an event that will precipitate the return of Lord Yeshoua with His bride, the Ekklesia.
6)
The Division of Jerusalem
While the world precipitates towards the final great conflict of its history, the city which will attract all eyes is neither Paris, nor New York, nor London, nor Brussels, but Jerusalem. This metropolis is the Lord’s horologe.
It is venerated by Christians, by Jews and Muslims alike, which makes her the religious centre for most of the world population. The conflict around the ‘Jerusalem’ subject will keep on being a pressing stone for nations and for their leaders: “‘I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the surrounding peoples reeling. Judah will be besieged as well as Jerusalem. On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations. All who try to move it will injure themselves.” Zechariah 12: 2-3
On the Sunday of 22nd of May 2011, during a well anticipated speech before AIPAC [the main pro-Israeli lobby], the American president Barack Obama
reaffirmed his support for the creation of a Palestinian state or for pushing Israel’s borders back to those before the 1967 war.
Regarding France, its president Nicolas Sarkozy stated on the 31st of Oct 2011 that the 27 countries of European union should ‘have a single voice’ in the eventuality of recognising a Palestinian state before U.N., in Sep. 2011:’The 27 countries of E.U. should express in a single voice. Together, we have to assume our responsibilities. France (…) will take the initiative, we want the unity of Europe’, he declared. The peace negotiations with Israel have been blocked and now the Palestinians hope that in principle, by the 20th of
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Sep., their state will adhere as integral part to U.N.O.(which happened in 30.11.2012!-n.tr.) and the recognition of Palestine with the borders before 04.06.1967( The War of 6Days) which means the entire Cis-Jordan, the band of Gaza and the East of Jerusalem. In a meeting Sarkozy had on Wednesday, according to Express newspaper, he let people believe France is going to recognise the Palestinian state in autumn by assuring them that ‘ he takes full responsibility if the peace process is not going to be relaunched soon.’- see http://un-echo-israel.net
These different meetings between state leaders confirm the fulfilment of Joe’s prophecy:” I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will enter into judgment against them concerning my inheritance, my people Israel, for they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land.” Joel 3:2
The verb ‘to divide’ from this verse is said ‘cialaq’ in Hebrew and means ‘to share, to separate and to plunder’.
According to Biblical prophecies, the Jews will be exiled in the wide world during the last world war. Israel will be divided and Jerusalem will be cut in 2: a piece for the Jews and another one for the Arabs. This division of the holy city will cause Messiah’s anger at His return.
Jerusalem, Yeruwshalaim in Hebrew, the unified and eternal capital of Israel was not long time ago more than the slogan of a law voted in 1980 by the Knesset (the Israeli Parliament). This law evoked the division of the holy metropolis with the Palestinians and thus has inevitably started an intense controversy. The ex-prime minister Ehud Barak found out about it on his own skin during the negotiations of David-Taba Camp, in 2000, when as a consequence, he was accused , including by Ehud Olmert (his former prime-minister who was then the major of Jerusalem) of having wished for Jerusalem’s liquidation (cheap selling). But, some years before that, Olmert himself proved that even the most tenacious taboos could be diminished in time: he evoked for the first time officially and without any significant reactions the possibility of renouncing at the Israeli sovereignty over certain Arabs suburbs of Jerusalem that had been annexed to Israel after 1967’s war.
The Palestinians want that this document takes into account the thorny problems of this conflict such as: the status of Jerusalem and the borders of the future Palestinian state. For although E. Olmert only evoked vaguely this declaration of non-constraint for Palestinians, his proposals concerning the possible division of Jerusalem meant a break-up with the past circumspect politics adopted by the Israelite government and by most Israeli ministers with ideas/positions well expressed.
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“The Israeli people would be ready for this evolution: the Hebrew public opinion is extremely variable and is cemented, for short or long term, on their leaders’ positions. The examples of complete change in politics don’t miss in the local politics’ history, such as the retreat from Gaza conducted by prime-minister Ariel Sharon or the agreements from Oslo signed by the Rabbi”, explains Yoram Peri, a professor of political sociology from a University of Tel-Aviv.
Nevertheless, almost 2/3 of Jews (59%) still oppose a retreat from the Arab suburbs, according to an opinion poll done by Israeli newspaper Haaretz:
” The front for the refuse of dividing Jerusalem is eroding, but the subject lingers on and stays extremely controversial due to the affective and symbolic meaning as the only historic capital of the Jewish nation.”
Yossi Alpher, a politic analyst, specialised in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process reminds us that: ”As long as no solution for the holy places can be found, and nowadays there is none, the Jews will be always afraid that these concessions regarding the periphery of the city will end up with the return to the borders before 1967, when the old town was under the control of the Jordan state, when Jews had no access to the Weeping Wall, the holliest place of Judaism”.
The Judgement over the religious Babylon by the Politic Babylon
The Religious Babylon is formed of most Apostate, Ecumenical and heathen Christianity, led by the 2nd beast of Revelation 13: 11-18. This beast is none else than the Pope who will play a preponderant role. More precisely, it is the ‘Super Church’ composed of all world religions.
Nevertheless, Lord Yeshoua will judge the Religious Babylon and the Political Babylon will be charged with the destruction of the first Babylon. Y.H.W.H. will thus be in control of this war.
“The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire. For God has put it into their hearts to accomplish his purpose by agreeing to give the beast their power to rule, until God’s words are fulfilled.”
Revelation 17: 16-17
The Cross The 7- Arms Candelabra or the Light and Salt for This World
The 7 trumpets
The Great Tribulation
The White Horse Rider
satan
The throne

Christ’s birth (Luke 1)
The rejection of Messiah by most Jewish authorities and by most Jews (the 4 Gospels)
The crucifixion and the resurrection (Luke 23: 33-46)
The Church’s Rapture and the saints’ resurrection (1Thessalonians 4: vs.13-18)
Christ’s tribunal
(2 Corinthians 5:10)
The Lamb’s Wedding (Revelation 19: vs.7-8)
The 70th week (Daniel 9:24-27)
the Image and the sign of the Beast (Revelation 13: 11-18)
The 7 cups of Y.H.W.H.’s wrath (Revelation 15)
Jerusalem under siege by nations
(Luke 21 :20-24)
Revelation 17
satan freed (Rev.20:7)
The war between Gog and Maggog (Rev. 20:8)
Satan’s defeat and that of Gog and Maggog (Rev. 20:9)
satan thrown in the lake of fire (Rev. 20:10)
The Last Judgement (Rev. 20: vs. 11-15)
Death and Hell thrown into the lake of fire
(Rev. 20:14)
New Jerusalem come down from heaven
(Rev. 21 and 22:1-5)
Ekklesia’s birth (Acts. 2)
The proclamation of the Gospel in all nations (Acts and the 4 Gospels)
The saints’ rejection and persecution
(Acts and the 4 Gospels)
Christ’s return with the Ekklesia
1.
Armageddon
2.
Satan tied up
3.
Then nations’ Judgement
4.
The saints’ resurrection and of those dead during the Great Tribulation
5.
Judgement and then Israel’s revival
6.
1000 years
Zech 12/ Rom 11/ Mat. 25:32-46/ Rev. 19 and 20
CHAPTER V: JESUS-CHRIST’ S VISIBLE
RETURN WITH HIS CHURCH
I.
THE LORD’S DAY
The expression ‘the Day of the Lord’ or ‘The Lord’s Day’ suggests a time when God will intervene openly and visibly into human affairs.
”But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare.” 2 Peter 3: 10
This day will start with the rapture of the Ekklesia and will open the judgement time before the white throne (Joel 1: 15). Zephaniah 1:14-18 describes it like a day of:

anger;

desperation;

anguish;

destruction;

devastations or accidents;

darkness ;

obscurity (inside hearts too);

clouds and fog;

trumpets and war cries against strong cities and ‘high towers’.
“Now, brothers, about times and dates we do not need to write to you, 2for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, ‘Peace and safety,’ destruction will come on them suddenly, as labour pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.”
1 Thessalonians 5: 1-3
The Lord’s coming will take place in Israel (Jerusalem) on the Mount of Olives where He climbed to heaven. (Matthew 28:11; Acts 1: 9-13). Nevertheless, this event will be visible by all planet people.
“On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south.” Zechariah 14: 4
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“Look, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him; and all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of him. So shall it be! Amen.” Revelation 1: 7
1)
Lord Jesus’ return
“Jesus left the temple and was walking away when his disciples came
up to him to call his attention to its buildings. ‘Do you see all these things?’ he asked. ‘I tell you the truth, not one stone here will be left on another; everyone will be thrown down.’ As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately. ‘Tell us,’ they said, ‘when will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age’?” Matthew 24: 1-3
The word ‘coming’ or ‘parusia’ in Greek comes from another Greek word ‘pareimi’, which means ‘presence’. In the Roman Empire, when an emperor wanted to go into a new conquered province the inhabitants of that region had to prepare for months and months to welcome him. Christians should also prepare to welcome the Lord as it should, as He deserves.
In Hosea 6: 3, the Lord’s coming is compared with the aurora and with the first or the spring rain and also with the rain of the last season. For a better understanding this reference to the spring rain you have to know that the Hebrew nation was an agricultural people completely dependent on the 2 rain seasons. (Jeremiah 5: 24).
On one hand, the rain of the last season (‘megoswsh’in Hebrew means spring rain), a rain that consisted of heavy rainfalls, very appreciated due to the fact that it fell before the harvest and after a long time of summer drought). Let us understand that when the Lord will return, He will wet the earth with his glory after long years of spiritual drought and anguish.
On the other hand, the rain of the first season (end of October, so in autumn), ‘morech’ in Hebrew means ‘torrential’ rain. This rain opened the agricultural year by softening the soil hardened by the summer drought and thus prepared the cultivable surfaces for seeding.
“I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose
rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war. His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. ‘He will rule them with an iron sceptre.’ He treads the winepress of the fury of
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the wrath of God Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: ‘King of Kings and Lord of Lords’.” Revelation 19: 11-16
Many persons based on Matthew 24: 36 say that the Lord Jesus-Christ doesn’t know the date of His return. They forget that Yeshoua Ma’shia while on Earth, He was 100% man and 100% Y.H.W.H./ God. He voluntarily and completely disrobed himself of His glory, thus renouncing his omnipotence, omnipresence and omniknowledge, according to Philippians 2: 5-8. But, as God, He knows all things. (John 16: 29-30). Zechariah 14: 3 tells us that The Eternal One will appear to fight against the nations and He will set His feet upon the Mount of Olives. In vs. 7, he tells us that:” It will be a unique day, without daytime or night-time-a day known to the Lord. When evening comes, there will be light.” Yeshoua is indeed, truly, the Eternal One and He knows perfectly the day of His return, when He will enforce His judgement upon the Impious Man and upon Babylon. Hallelujah!
During the visible return of the Lord, the Beast, the Impious Man, the Earth’s kings/presidents and all their armies will point their weapons against Jesus and His Church (Revelation 19:17), but their attempt will be futile. These armies will have no effect; the bullets and missiles will ricochet without causing any damage. Then, these words will be fulfilled:
“No weapon forged against you will prevail, and you will refute every tongue
that accuses you. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, and this is their vindication from me, » declares the Lord.” Isaiah 54: 17
“We are consumed by your anger and terrified by your indignation.”
Psalm 91: 7
The destruction of the Beast, the Impious Man
“But with righteousness he will judge the needy; with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked.” Isaiah 11: 4
According to this passage, at His return, Lord Jesus-Christ will hit with the power of His breath the Wicked One or ‘Rasha’ in Hebrew, which means the impious man. This verse sends us to 2 Thessalonians 2: 8:” And then the lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord Jesus will overthrow with the breath of his mouth and destroy by the splendour of his coming.”
While the Beast and the false prophet will be thrown alive in the lake of fire and of sulphurous (Revelation 19:20),all the other soldiers, other ranks and officers, will be killed by the sword which will get out of the Lord’s mouth and also by the birds of the sky that will devour at ease their flesh.
“Wherever there is a carcass, there the vultures will gather.” Matthew 24: 28
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I can only ask the world great leaders who trust their won power to repentance; they need to repent of their sins because the coming days will be awful.
Satan tied up for 1,000 years
“And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time.” Revelation 20: 1-3
The Lord will order an angel to tie the devil up for 1,000 years so he wouldn’t seduce the Earth inhabitants for the millennium period. Let us remark that the Lord doesn’t even bother to deal with satan Himself, but puts an angel in charge. We have here a beautiful illustration of our Lord’s sovereignty; He will send to jail this odious and malefic being with all his demons. There will be no sin on the planet afterwards. After taking the devil out of the picture, Yeshoua will destroy all the world political powers.
2)
The Destruction of the Political Babylon
“How broken and shattered is the hammer of the whole earth! How desolate is Babylon among the nations! I set a trap for you, O Babylon, and you were caught before you knew it; you were found and captured because you opposed the Lord.”
Jeremiah 50: 23-24
“This is what the Lord says: ‘See, I will stir up the spirit of a destroyer against Babylon and the people of Leb Kamai. I will send foreigners to Babylon to win now her and to devastate her land; they will oppose her on every side in the day of her disaster. Let not the archer string his bow, nor let him put on his armour. Do not spare her young men; completely destroy her army. They will fall down slain in Babylon, fatally wounded in her streets.” Jeremiah 51: 1-4
“’Before your eyes I will repay Babylon and all who live in Babylonia for all the wrong they have done in Zion, ’declares the Lord. ‘I am against you, O destroying mountain, you who destroy the whole earth,’ declares the Lord . ‘I will stretch out my hand against you, roll you off the cliffs, and make you a burned-out mountain. No rock will be taken from you for a cornerstone, nor any stone for a foundation, for you will be desolate forever,’ declares the Lord”. Jeremiah 51: 24-26
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“After this I saw another angel coming down from heaven. He had great authority, and the earth was illuminated by his splendour. With a mighty voice he shouted: ‘Fallen! Fallen is Babylon the Great! She has become a home for demons and a haunt for every evil spirit, a haunt for every unclean and detestable bird. For all the nations have drunk the maddening wine of her adulteries. The kings of the earth committed adultery with her, and the merchants of the earth grew rich from her excessive luxuries’.”
Revelation 18: 1-3
“When the kings of the earth who committed adultery with her and shared her luxury see the smoke of her burning, they will weep and mourn over her. Terrified at her torment, they will stand far off and cry: ‘Woe! Woe, O great city, O Babylon, city of power! In one hour your doom has come’!’”
Revelation 18: 9-10
We have understood from the prophets that the name Babylon is often used with sense as antique city or Babylonian nation. Like we have already noticed, Babylon appears under 2 aspects in these end times: the political Babylon and the religious Babylon. The political Babylon represents the Beast’s confederation of empires or the last aspect of political powers ‘domination. This is the statue from the vision of Nebuchadnezzar.
“’You looked, O king, and there before you stood a large statue-an enormous,
dazzling statue, awesome in appearance. The head of the statue was made of pure gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of baked clay.” Daniel 2: 31-33
As we know it, it refers to Europe – the deader of nations, whose judgement is also announced in Daniel 2: 34-35:” While you were watching, a rock was cut out, but not by human hands. It struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and smashed them. Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were broken to pieces at the same time and became like chaff on a threshing floor in the summer. The wind swept them away without leaving a trace. But the rock that struck the statue became a huge mountain and filled the whole earth.” In this passage, the detached stone that hits the statue without help from any hand is Messiah/ Ma’shia. Yeshoua Himself will hit Babylon, the Beast’s empire, and He will judge it of all its crimes and idolatries.
3)
The Nations’ Judgement
“Enoch, the 7th from Adam, prophesied about these men: ‘See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones to judge everyone, and
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to convict all the ungodly of all the ungodly acts they have done in the ungodly way, and of all the harsh words ungodly sinners have spoken against him’.” Jude 14-15
“Then the trees of the forest will sing, they will sing for joy before the Lord, for he comes to judge the earth.” 1 Chronicles 16: 33
Enoch, the first prophet from the Biblical history, is also the first man to announce the Lord’s return with His saints to judge the Earth. This judgement will take place in the Jehoshaphat Valley.
The Jehoshaphat Valley
The name ‘Jehoshaphat Valley’ in Hebrew is’ Yehosaphat’, which means ‘Y.H.W.H. is judging’.
“‘Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side. Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow so great is their wickedness!’ Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision.”
Joel 3: 12-14
“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. Then the King will say to those on his right: ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.’
Then the righteous will answer him: ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you? When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?’ The King will reply: ‘I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.’ Then he will say to those on his left: ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.’ They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or
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needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’ He will reply: ‘I tell you the truth whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’ Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.” Matthew 25: 31-46
Remark that in this passage there are 3 types of people: at first 1)the sheep, or the wheat which represent the persons converted during the Great Tribulation and not the Church’s saints who will be taken into heaven 7 years earlier during Jesus-Christ’s visible return (Revelation 7: 9-17); then there are 2)the goats, meaning those who don’t have faith in Jesus, the worshippers of the Impious Man who will have the mark of the beast and are also called tares (Revelation 16: 8-11) and finally, 3) there are those called by Jesus: ‘the smallest of my brothers’, meaning the Jews or Abraham’s physical descendants, those who will be terribly persecuted by the beast’s army and whom the Christians of those end days will help the same way the righteous people did it amongst the nations for the Jews (for instance for those Jews during Hitler’s cruel persecution).
The nations’ judgement is also called ‘the harvest’ in the parable of the wheat and the tares. “Jesus told them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared. The owner’s servants came to him and said:<Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?> ‘An enemy did this,’ he replied. The servants asked him: <Do you want us to go and pull them up?> ‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn’.’ « Matthew 13: 24-30
The nations’ judgement will be a time of separation for people between the wheat, on one side, which are the Christians and the Jews converted to Lord Yeshoua during the Great Tribulation and the tares, on the other side, who represent those heathen persons worshipping the Beast. This division doesn’t regard the Church at all because she will be raptured to heaven firstly and afterwards Christ will return on Earth.
The nations’ judgement will be exercised by the Church’s saints: “Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if you are to judge the world, are you not competent to judge trivial cases?” 1 Corinthians 6: 2
The angels will gather the people from all nations and all corners of the globe to be judged. No man will escape the Lion of the tribe of Judah! Some will try to hide into rock caves and into dust to escape God’s wrath and the majesty of
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His splendour, but that will be a futile try as Lord’s eyes see everything. “This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” Matthew 13: 49-50
“Men will flee to caves in the rocks and to holes in the ground from dread of the Lord and the splendour of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth. In that day men will throw away to the rodents and bats their idols of silver and idols of gold, which they made to worship. They will flee to caverns in the rocks and to the overhanging crags from dread of the Lord and the splendour of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth.” Isaiah 2:19-21
Israel’s Judgement by the 12 Apostles
“You are those who have stood by me in my trials. And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” Luke 22: 28-30
“And if I drive out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges.” Matthew 12: 27
The 12th tribes of Israel will be judged because of their disbelief by the 12 apostles of the Lamb. During Jesus the Messiah’s first arrival, Israel as a whole entity or in other words as a nation, instead of repenting in order to be restored, he rejected him. Yeshoua Ma’shia was in fact rejected by his people. (John 1: 11; Luke 20: 9-18). Nevertheless, this repentance will take place during the visible appearance of Christ with His bride: the Ekklesia.
Repentance, Freedom, Revival and National Restoration for Israel
“At that time Michael, the great prince who protects your people, will arise. There will be a time of distress such as has not happened from the beginning of nations until then. But at that time your people-everyone whose name is found written in the book-will be delivered.” Daniel 12: 1. This text speaks of the time when Israel will be restored, in other words during the great tribulation. The archangel Michael will defend the Jews against the ancient snake. Those marked in the book of life will be freed and saved by Messiah.
This passage is confirmed by apostle Paul in Romans 11: 26: “And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: ‘The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob.”
Many persons believe that Y.H.W.H. has abandoned His physical people, meaning Israel, but the Scriptures teach us quite the opposite.
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“And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. On that day the weeping in Jerusalem will be great, like the weeping of Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo.The land will mourn, each clan by itself, with their wives by themselves: the clan of the house of David and their wives, the clan of the house of Nathan and their wives, the clan of the house of Levi and their wives, the clan of Shimei and their wives, and all the rest of the clans and their wives.” Zechariah 12: 10-14
This passage clearly speaks of the coming of the Holy Spirit over the Israelites at the return of Lord Jesus and His Church, which will cause a great revival in Israel, the Hebrew nation’s repentance and conversion. It will surely be the Jews’ national restoration: “So when they met together, they asked him: ’Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel’?” Acts 1: 6 (see also 3: 19-21)
In Samuel 8, the children of Israel asked Samuel the prophet to give them a king to lead them like all other nations. Although this demand displeased God, the election of a king over Israel didn’t meant the end for the theocracy in Israel.
In fact, Y.H.W.H. continued through different leaders such as king David to lead the Jewish nation. The theocratic kingdom stopped after the Babylonian captivity when Israel stopped being a nation and when Y.H.W.H.’s glory left the temple of Jerusalem. (Ezekiel 11: 23) Only Messiah is able to restore theocracy.
“So when they met together, they asked him: ’Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel’? He said to them: ‘It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority.” Acts 1: 6-7
The disciples’ question regarding the restoration of theocracy, the return of God’s glory in Israel is legitimate. Despite the temple’s reconstruction once again after the Babylonian captivity (2 Kings 24), by Nehemiah and Ezra, Y.H.W.H.’s glory didn’t manifest in the temple. This fact is confirmed by the verses in Malachi chapter 2: 17 and chapter 3: 1.
“You have wearied the Lord with your words: ‘How have we wearied him?’ you ask. By saying, ‘All who do evil are good in the eyes of the Lord, and he is pleased with them’ or ‘Where is the God of justice’?” Malachi 2: 17
In the light of this verse we notice that the nation of Israel has realised that despite the temple’s reconstruction, God wasn’t inside it. This shouldn’t surprise us as the cult had become completely paganised: the offerings weren’t been made according to the instructions of Torah. (Malachi 1: 6-14).